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16 JEMIE 51 (2017)
Metropolitan and Post-National Urbanity beyond (Pluri)national(al) - States in the EU: Benchmarking Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque Country

handle is hein.journals/jemie2017 and id is 51 raw text is: 

                         Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe
         JVol 16, No 1, 2017, 51-78.

                          Copyright © ECMI 2017
                          This article is located at:

Metropolitan and Post-national Urbanity Beyond (Pluri)nation(al)-

states in the EU: Benchmarking Scotland, Catalonia and the Basque


Igor Calzada*

University of Oxford


         This article compares the cases of the three small, stateless, city-regional
         nations of Scotland, Catalonia, and the Basque Country in the period after
         September 2014. Since the referendum on Scottish independence, these
         nations have, depending on their unique contexts, engaged differently in
         democratic and deliberative experimentation on the right to decide their
         futures beyond being referential (pluri)nation(al)-states in the UK or Spain.
         Most recently, the Brexit referendum has triggered a deeper debate on how
         regional and political demands by these nations could rescale the fixed
         (pluri)nation(al)-states' structures while even directly advocating for some
         sort of Europeanization. Based on a broader research programme on
         comparing  city-regional cases titled  'Benchmarking   City-Regions'
         (www.cityregions.org), this paper argues that the differences in each of these
         three cases are noteworthy. Yet, even more substantial are their diverse means
         of accommodating smart devolutionary strategic pathways of self-
         determination through political innovation processes among pervasive
         metropolitanization responses to a growing post-national urbanity pattern in
         the European Union. Ultimately, this paper aims to benchmark how Scotland,
         Catalonia, and the Basque Country are strategically moving forward beyond
         their referential (pluri)nation(al)-states in such a new European geopolitical
         pattern that can be called post-national urbanity by formulating devolution,
         and even independence, in unique metropolitan terms.

  Dr Igor Calzada, MBA. Lecturer and Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford. Email:
igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk. COMPAS, 58 Banbury Road, OX2 6QS, Oxford, UK. +00 44

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