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20 JEMIE 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/jemie20 and id is 1 raw text is: JE           IE
jou-M--11 on Et'nopnitCs  Introduction: Fighting for Security from a Minor
anid M iorit is/ue inPerspective and Against Securitisation
Eur ope                   of Minorities in Europe
VQI 20, I; 1             Marika Djolai
201                     European Centre for Minority Issues
pp. 1-23
Sharing spaces among different ethnic, religious, and cultural
groups in diverse societies is a major problem globally,
particularly for minority communities, as states are often
inclined to perceive minorities and indigenous groups as a
threat, meaning that their presence evokes a sense of
insecurity. This attitude departs from  a premise that
Sen-,r  dtse  c -nd   [s]ecurity is about what is a threat... (Buzan et al., 1998, p.
C tister                  204), which means that the societal inclination towards
[p]ursuit about the freedom of threat (Buzan, 2008, p. 37)
determines approaches towards minorities. However, security
should not be considered as a reverse of insecurity, although
... [h]ow security is defined conditions what is considered as
insecurity (risk, threat) (C.A.S.E., 2006, p. 257). Perceiving
minorities as threat is often reflected in the state policy
agenda; it affects representation and leads to unfair
competition and negative attitudes of majority groups towards
minorities that easily turn into other forms of injustices and
discrimination (European Monitoring Centre on Racism and
Xenophobia, 2005). As a result, minorities can be exposed to
exclusionist political attitudes, discriminatory or xenophobic
attacks, and intolerance or violence by a majority group (C6td
& Erickson, 2009; Dustmann & Preston, 2001; Vergeer et al.,


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