2017 J.E. Eur. L. 11 (2017)
The Possibilities of Using Diffusion and Contact Method for the Analysis of the Traces of the Firearms on Clothes and Body of the Person

handle is hein.journals/jeeul2017 and id is 12 raw text is: 

  the Journal of Eastern European  Law  / )KypHaJI cx1HOCBponeHCbKOro ulpaBa. - 2017. - N2 35.

                                                                                     UDK  343.983
                                                               Baraniak Volodymyr Mykhaylovych  -
                                                         PhD, associate professor of the department of
                                       criminal law and procedure of the Institute of Law and Psychology,
                                                              National University Lviv Polytechnic
                                           (1/3 Knyaz Roman str., Building 19, Room 304, Lviv, Ukraine)

                                                               Marysyuk  Kostyantyn Bogdanovych -
                               doctor of law, professor of the department of criminal law and procedure of
                                                                  the Institute of Law and Psychology,
                                                              National University Lviv Polytechnic
                                           (1/3 Knyaz Roman str., Building 19, Room 304, Lviv, Ukraine)

 The  Possibilities of Using Diffusion and  Contact  Method   for the Analysis of the Traces  of
                       the Firearms  on  Clothes and  Body  of the Person

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       The Criminal Code of Ukraine provides many crimes, the commission of which is associated with the use
offirearms. In this regard, in practice often there is a need to establish the fact of carrying and storing offirearms.
       Carrying and storing of firearms are examples of passive use of firearms as well as the investigation of
such criminal act must be particularly full, comprehensive and objective. In relation to this, the great importance
has a comprehensive expert research in the field of the legal ballistics trace evidence analysis, forensic medicine,
fingerprinting, forensic chemistry.
       A new method of the detecting traces of firearms on the body of the person by the diffusion and contact
method expands and complements trasological fundamental understanding of the nature and formation of traces
and can be the basis for the study of marking formation of different types offirearms.
       The objects of the research were firearms, which has an open back crosspiece (with handle shell), and
the palm of the experimentator. For the experiment were selected TT pistol (caliber 7, 62 mm), Beretta (caliber
9, mm  0), MCM pistol (The Margolin Target Shooting Pistol) (caliber 5, 6 mm) and a signal pistol (Shpagin
Signal Pistol) (caliber 26 mm 0).
       The study was conducted by the following procedure. The pistol for about 15 seconds was held in the hand
by pressing the trigger for three times. Then, with little hand force applied to the sheet offixed photo paper pre-
wetted with 25 percent solution of acetic acid. The resulting reflection showed 1% aqueous solution of sodium
diethyldithiocarbamate, which forms a stable complex compounds with iron ions.


ISSN 2409-6415

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