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29 J. Crim. Just. Educ. 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/jcrimjed29 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 2018
Vol. 29, No. 1, 1-17, https://doi.org/10.1080/10511253.2017.1330963


Do Criminology Classes Make a

Difference? Changes in Perceptions of

Punishment Over Time



        Sarah Kuehn, Rebecca J. Ridener and
        Paul   W.  Scott




     Much research has centered on exploring the effect that education has on
     students' attitudes, and, specificaly, their thoughts regarding punitiveness
     toward offenders. Due to the use of cross-sectional data, the ability to
     adequately assess the effect that higher education has on these attitudes is
     largely imited. This study attempted to overcome this issue using a longitu-
     dinal research design with undergraduate students attending a university in
     the Northeast. The study examined  if students' Level of punitiveness
     changes over time and which factors (e.g. taking criminology classes, class
     level, and political affiliation) contribute to this change. The main findings
     revealed that students in this study became more Liberal by attending
     college; however, [earning about crime and criminal justice made no
     difference to the students included in the analysis.


                                Introduction

There has been  a plethora of studies examining public perceptions on various
criminal justice issues and, specifically, punitiveness (e.g. Applegate, Cullen,
Turner,  t Sundt, 1996; Bazemore, Dicker, t A-Gadheeb,  1994; Bohm  t Vogel,
1991; Chen E  Einat, 2015; Costelloe, Chiricos, E Gertz, 2009; Cullen, Fisher, E
Applegate, 2000; Gainey E  Payne, 2003; Lane, 1997; McCorkle, 1993; Roberts,
1992; Selke, 1980;  Sprott, 1999; Turner, Cullen, Sundt, E Applegate,  1997;
Tyler E Boeckmann,  1997; Unnever,  Cullen, E Roberts, 2006). Numerous stud-
ies have also focused on the impact of college and, especially, criminal justice
education on students' attitudes. Particularly, in regards to punitive attitudes,
there is a large body of research that generally suggests that higher levels of
education reduce  students' levels of punitiveness (e.g. Falco E Martin, 2012;
Mackey  E  Courtright, 2000; Shelley, Waid, E Dobbs, 2011). However,  a few
studies did not find support for this so-called liberalization effect (Mackey,
Courtright, E Packard, 2006; Tsoudis, 2000), which implies that senior students



R  Routledge
   Tror&mndsGmp  D 2017 Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

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