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44 J. Common Mkt. Stud. 1 (2006)

handle is hein.journals/jcmks44 and id is 1 raw text is: 

JCMS  2006 Volume 44. Number 1. pp. 1-15

The JCMS Lecture: Managing Diversity and

Change in the European Union*

Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP)


European integration is going through difficult times. Poor economic performance and
the growing feeling of insecurity among many Europeans play a major role. So does the
weakening of the old political consensus. More clarity and realism about what Europe
can deliver would help enormously: the Lisbon process and further enlargement are
good examples. Economic liberalization also creates losers. This problem needs to be
tackled at both national and European levels.


More  than 50 years after it all began, regional integration in Europe has devel-
oped into a complex  system with no precedent in history and no rival in other
parts of the contemporary world: a peaceful revolution for which we Europeans
have every reason to be proud.
   Stripped down  to its bare essentials, this European system is characterized
by open borders, joint management  extending to many  aspects of the everyday
life of citizens, and solidarity among its members.
   Regional integration has served as an instrument - surely not the only one - for
peace and  security in a crowded part of the world with a long and turbulent
history. This was done  mainly  in an indirect fashion, concentrating on low
politics, at least in the earlier phases. Some would call it functionalism at its

* This article is a revised version of the JCMS Annual Lecture delivered on 6 September 2005 at the 35th
UACES Annual Conference held in Zagreb.
t 2006 The Author(s)
Journal compilation C 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK and 350 Main Street, Maiden, MA 02148,

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