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32 J. Common Mkt. Stud. 1 (1994)

handle is hein.journals/jcmks32 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Journal of Common Market Studies                              Vol. 32, No. I
                                                                March 1994





       Transport Infrastructure and Region

       Building in the European Community





                            R.W. VICKERMAN*
                      University of Kent at Canterbury



                             I. Introduction

It is clear that whatever the final outcome of the Maastricht Treaty on European
Union, there is going to be a continuing search for a means of increasing the
cohesion of European  Community   countries. Furthermore, the push towards
widening the Community   to include not just EFTA countries such as Sweden,
Switzerland and  Austria, but also east-central European countries such as
Poland, Hungary  and  the Czech and  Slovak Republics, will continue. It is
increasingly recognized that, whether or not there is a rapid move to Economic
and Monetary  Union,  the development of European  infrastructure will be a
major issue. Within EMU   as envisaged in the Maastricht Treaty, this would
form part of the structural and cohesion policies necessary to avoid increasing
spatial disparities. Without a rapid move to EMU, there is nevertheless a desire
to see increased convergence as a prerequisite to reopening the EMU debate.
Infrastructure, this article argues, is a key building block of that convergence
and cohesion. The European  Community   has already started to consider this
through its plans for spatial development of the Community, entitled Europe
2000 (CEC,  1991) and more specifically through proposals for Trans-European
Networks  (CEC, 1990, 1992a, b, c).

* Revised version of a paper presented to meeting of CIB Working Commission on Infrastructure at North
American Regional Science Association Meetings, Chicago, November 1992. Helpful comments by
referees and an editor are gratefully acknowledged in improving the presentation of the article.
© Basil Blackwell Ltd 1994, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, UK and 238 Main Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA

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