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27 J. Common Mkt. Stud. 1 (1988-1989)

handle is hein.journals/jcmks27 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Journal ofCommon Market Studies
Volume XXVII, No. 1 September 1988
0021-9886 $3.00







    Regional Co-operation and National

            Security: External Forces in

                Caribbean Integration

                         W. ANDREW  AXLINE*
                         University of Ottawa

This article is part of a continuing research project on the comparative study
of regional co-operation among developing countries. In addition to the
central task of building generalizations about the process of regional co-
operation among   developing  countries, it also aims to broaden  the
theoretical perspective by widening the range of variables which influence
this process to include external factors. The present article concentrates on
the influence of the United States on the process of Caribbean integration,
with particular emphasis on questions of national security.


                          I. INTRODUCTION
The theory of regional integration among developing countries has provided
an understanding of the political dynamics of the process of negotiations
among  the member  countries and the factors that are likely to influence
them. This  theory has offered a relatively accurate explanation of the
progress of Caribbean integration, and of the factors that have encouraged
or impeded it. What the political theory of integration has failed to do is to
account for the factors outside the region that have influenced the process of
regional co-operation.
  It has been long recognized that external influences can play an important
and sometimes  a determining role in the outcome of attempts to pursue
regional policies (Denham, 1969: 199-216; Cox, 1983: 283-312). These
external influences can have a positive as well as a negative effect on the
*The research for this article has been funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of
Canada, whose support is gratefully acknowledged.

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