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2 J. Common Mkt. Stud. 1 (1963-1964)

handle is hein.journals/jcmks2 and id is 1 raw text is: 






BRITAIN OUT OF EUROPE?


                         By  Roy  PRYCE

'THE end of a chapter, but not the end of the story.' These were brave
words  on the part of Mr. Heath  when  he returned, somehow   still
intact, after the final collapse of negotiations in Brussels on January 29th.
But since then there has been no sign that anyone, on either side of the
Channel, has any clear idea of how, when, or under what circumstances,
the United Kingdom's attempt to become part of the Community  can
be renewed.  And it is indeed difficult to give answers to any of these
problems.  So difficult, in fact, that one has to ask whether we have
already reached the parting of the ways.
  This is a harsh question to put to those who, like myself, have been-
and remain-firmly  convinced of the desirability of entry. But it has
to be faced. It would not be by any means the first time in the history
of Western Europe's post-war search for unity that what was desirable
proved to be impracticable. There is a great deal of diplomatic wreck-
age which has had to be quietly buried in the archives-the European
Defence  Community,   the European  Political Community,  and the
European Free Trade Area, for instance. And Britain's own search for
a new  relationship with the Continent has been especially marked by
false hopes and unreal expectations. The European Free Trade Associa-
tion was created in the belief that this would aid, rather than impede,
an agreement  with the Community;   and  the Six themselves talked
hopefully at one time of a 'European Economic  Association' which
never became more  than a form of words. In short, the last thing one
should expect after the failure of a negotiation is that somehow, some
time, all will be well.
  At  all events, the least we can do is to take a careful look at the
reasons why the negotiations failed, to see what useful lessons can be
learnt; to examine what has taken place subsequently, in an attempt to
discern what factors are now at work on the Continent; and-finally-
to analyse the situation in Britain itself, to see what forces may facilitate
or impede a renewed  attempt at membership.
  As far as the breakdown itself is concerned, the official view of the
British Government was expressed by Mr. Macmillan  in his television
broadcast on January 3oth. He then said:
  The only explanation for what has happened is this: The French Government
hoped that the thing would break down for one reason or another--either because
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