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12 J. Common Mkt. Stud. 1 (1973)

handle is hein.journals/jcmks12 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                       By STANLEY HENIG

INSOFAR as the desire to change the bases of Europe's relations with the
rest of the world was a motivating factor for the 'Europeans' in the
194os and  sOS, external relations were always likely to be an important
facet of Community activity. The nature and extent of these external
relations offer one theoretical yardstick against which to gauge the
success of the Community, whilst in practice its international activities
have resulted not from any a priori doctrine but rather from outside
pressure occasioned by approaches from numerous  third countries
feeling themselves threatened by, or wishing to join in, the evident
economic advance and success of the six. Nonetheless it was evident
long before 1970 that in power terms Europe was still at a disadvantage
on the international scene so long as the Community consisted of only
six member states with the United Kingdom in particular remaining
outside. Whatever the economic motivations, the needs of foreign
policy-for both the United  Kingdom  and the original six of the
EEC-dictated  the necessity of enlargement.
  As in other spheres the enlargement of the Community has two kinds
of effects on foreign policies-impact and dynamic. The  impact
effects concern the immediate changes which enlargement brings about
in the external and foreign relations of the Community as a whole, the
original member states and the newcomers. Numerous  agreements
between the Community   and non-member  countries will have to be
renegotiated, whilst some agreements made earlier by the newcomers
may  even have to be voided or replaced by Community texts. The
declared intention of the Nine is to deal with renegotiation and the im-
mediately consequent problems before the end of 1975. As in other
sectors, however, it is the dynamic effects which are more interesting
over the long term, even if they are much harder to assess. In a grow-
ing number of areas the Community is an actor on the international
stage. In terms of resources the new Community must be more potent
than the old, but on the side of intentions there is still very much a
tabula rasa.
  The  object of this special issue of the Journal of Common Market
Studies is to make a contribution to the growing debate about the

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