109 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 313 (2019)
Perception versus Punishment in Cybercrime

handle is hein.journals/jclc109 and id is 329 raw text is: 



0091-4169/19/10902-0313
THE JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW & CRIMINOLOGY                        Vol. 109, No. 2
Copyright  2019 by James T. Graves, Alessandro Acquisti & Ross Anderson  Printed in U.S.A.




                   CRIMINOLOGY



   PERCEPTION VERSUS PUNISHMENT IN

                        CYBERCRIME


   JAMES T. GRAVES, ALESSANDRO ACQUISTI & ROSS
                            ANDERSON*

                          TABLE  OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION         ..................................... ...... 314
II. BACKGROUND          ..................................... ...... 317
       A.  Factors Affecting Sentencing Under the Computer  Fraud
           and Abuse  Act       ........................   ..... 317
           1. Maximum Sentences       .................     ..... 317
           2. Sentencing Guidelines.   ............................. 319
       B.  Criminological Studies of Crime Seriousness ................ 322
III. STUDY I: BETWEEN-SUBJECTS   EXPERIMENTS   ......      ......... 327
       A.  Methodology....................                ..........327
           1. Research  Questions     ..................   ..... 327
           2. Design ..............     .................. 328
       B.  Theoretical Model     ..................     ......... 331
       C.  Results         .............................    ..... 331


   * James T. Graves is a Ph.D. Candidate at Carnegie Mellon University and Staff Attorney
in the Institute for Public Representation at Georgetown University Law Center. Alessandro
Acquisti is Professor of Information Technology and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon
University's Heinz College. Ross Anderson is Professor of Security Engineering at the
University of Cambridge. This work was partially funded by the Department of Homeland
Security Science and Technology Directorate, Cyber Security Division, Broad Agency
Announcement 11.02; the Government of Australia; and SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific,
via contract number N66001-13-C-0131. Portions of this work were also supported by NSF
IGERT grant DGE-0903659. In addition, Acquisti gratefully acknowledges support from the
Carnegie Corporation of New York via an Andrew Carnegie Fellowship. For a list of
Acquisti's  additional  grants   and    funding   sources,  please   visit
www.heinz.cmu.edu/~acquisti/cv.htm. This work represents the position of the authors and
not that of the aforementioned agencies.


313

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