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105 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 811 (2015)
Remembering Disputed Sexual Encounters: A New Frontier for Witness Memory Research

handle is hein.journals/jclc105 and id is 844 raw text is: 


0091-4169/15/10504-0811
THE JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW & CRIMINOLOGY                   Vol. 105, No. 4
Copyright 0 2016 by Deborah Davis and Elizabeth F. Loftus  Printed in U.S.A.




      REMEMBERING DISPUTED SEXUAL
    ENCOUNTERS: A NEW FRONTIER FOR
         WITNESS MEMORY RESEARCH



       DEBORAH DAVIS* & ELIZABETH F. LOFTUS**


     This paper reviews sources of distortion in memory for sexual
encounters, particularly those between intoxicated participants. We review
factors leading to initial misinterpretations of sexual consent including the
indirect nature of sexual consent communications, misleading cultural
sexual scripts, misinterpretation of passivity, and others. In this context, we
consider the way in which alcohol can both contribute to initial
misunderstanding and promote specific distortions in memory over time.
Finally, we discuss additional influences on memory, including motivations
related to self-esteem, self-concept maintenance, or litigation, and the effects
of social influence from sources such as friends, forensic interviewers or
therapists.

                         TABLE OF CONTENTS
 IN TRO D U CTION   .......................................................................................... 812
 I. CHALLENGES AT ENCODING: FAILURES OF PERCEPTION AND
       IN TERPRETATION ............................................................................ 817
       A. The Depth and Complexity of the Memory Task Facing
           P articipants  ............................................................................. 8 18
           1. The Time Course and Complexity Through Which
              C onsent U nfolds ................................................................ 818
           2. The Complexities of Judging Intoxication .......................... 819
       B. Failures of Attention  and  Perception ......................................... 820
           1. A ttending  to  Intoxication  .................................................... 821


   * Professor of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno.
   ** Distinguished Professor, Psychology & Social Behavior and Criminology, Law &
 Society, University of California, Irvine.

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