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49 J. Church & St. 487 (2007)
Overhauling Islam: Representation, Construction, and Cooption of Moderate Islam in Western Europe

handle is hein.journals/jchs49 and id is 487 raw text is: Overhauling Islam:
Representation, Construction,
and Cooption of Moderate Islam
in Western Europe
In the wake of September 11 and the attacks in Amsterdam,
London, and Madrid, governments in Western Europe have initiated
bold and controversial new policies aimed at the institutionalization of
a moderate, Euro-friendly Islam.      Official agendas range from
relatively benign encouragement of the integration of immigrant
populations and discouragement of extremism, to the explicit attempt
to impose a state-approved formula for the organization of Islamic
communities. Despite widely divergent legacies of church-state rela-
tions  and   seemingly  disparate  nationaist traditions, European
governments appear to be converging on a common solution to their
Muslim problem-religion-change and the construction of an
acceptable Islam.
This essay will highlight the growing trend among European
governments to adopt interventionist policies in the religious affairs of
Muslims since September 11, focusing on two that are particularly
central to the agendas of the respective state: (1) institutionalizing
representative Islamic bodies and-empowering designated Muslim
interlocutors, and (2) facilitating the construction and maintenance of
eYVONNE YAZBECK HADDAD (B.A., Beirut College for Women; M.R.E., Boston
University School of Theology; M.A., University of Wisconsin, Madison; Ph.D.,
Hartford Seminary) is professor of History of Islam and Christian Muslim Relations,
Georgetown University. She is author of Muslim Women in North America and Not
Quite American? The Shaping of Arab and Muslim Identity in the United States. Her
articles have appeared in The Middle East Journal, Journal of the American Academy
of Religion, American-Arab Affairs, and Christianity and Crisis, among others. Special
interests include Islam in the modern world, women in Islam, Islam and pluralism, and
Muslims in the West. TYLER COLSON (B.A., Yale University; M.A., Georgetown
University) is a fellow, NSEP Arabic Flagship Program, University of Maryland. His
articles have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, Transnational Broadcasting Studies,
and the Beirut Daily Star. Special interests include Arab mass media, Syrian politics,
Islam on the internet, and Arabic dialectology.

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