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8 J. Conflict Resol. 1 (1964)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr8 and id is 1 raw text is: 








The Soviet view of a disarmed world1




J. I. COFFEY
Bendix Systems Division, The Bendix Corporation


Introduction
  For  over fifteen years-in the chambers
of the United  Nations, in the halls of the
Kremlin, in  the conference rooms  of  the
Palais des Nations at Geneva-the  chiefs of
state, the ministers, the generals, and the
scientists of the US and  the USSR   have
analyzed  the problems   and  debated  the
issues of disarmament.  So far, the results
have been  minuscule. Differences over the
abolition of nuclear weapons, over the liqui-
dation of foreign military bases, over veri-
fication of reductions in armed forces, even
over the number   of inspections to be au-
thorized under a treaty to ban nuclear test-
ing have precluded any agreement  between
the two  powers principally concerned.
  Although  the reasons for this are many
and  complex, ranging from  ideological op-
position to mutual distrust, it seems to me
that one basic cause for the failure to agree
on a program  for general and complete dis-
armament   lies in the differing concepts of
a  future world order  held by  the Soviet
Union  and the United States. In this paper
I propose  to outline the Soviet view of a

  1 This essay was written as a  supporting
paper for Study DAIS, National Armaments and
International Force, prepared for the Depart-
ment  of Defense by the International Studies
Division of the Institute for Defense Analyses.


disarmed  world and  to assess some of its
implications for US national interests.

The  US  Concept
  As a point of departure, it may be helpful
to sketch briefly the concept of a disarmed
world held by the United  States. The  US
looks to the establishment, within the frame-
work  of the United  Nations, of an Inter-
national Disarmament   Organization which
would  have prime responsibility for verify-
ing  disarmament  measures,  for reporting
violations of the disarmament  treaty, and
(presumably)   for recommending to the
United  Nations action to be taken  in the
event of violations. All parties to the treaty
would  agree to refrain from the use of force,
from indirect aggression, and from subver-
sion, and to settle disputes peacefully. To
this end the parties would develop an agreed
code  of international conduct, accept the
compulsory  jurisdiction of the International
Court of Justice, and improve the capability
of the UN  to maintain international peace
and security. One element in this capability
would  be  a United  Nations Peace  Force,
internationally manned, financed, and con-
trolled.
  As  disarmament progressed, the responsi-
bilities of the International Disarmament
Organization, the United Nations, and  the
Peace  Force would  likewise increase. The
US  proposal explicitly indicates that in the

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