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62 J. Conflict Resol. 3 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr62 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Article


                                                        Journal of Conflict Resolution
                                                              2018, Vol. 62(l) 3-28
                                                              Tn The Author(s) 2016
In   the     Shadow          of the                         Reprints and permission:
                                                    sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
International Crim                  inal              DOI: 10. 177/0022002716639101
                                                        journals.sagepub.com/home/cr
Court: Does the ICC                                                OSAGE

Deter Human Rights
Violations?


Benjamin J. Appel'





Abstract
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is responsible for prosecuting crimes
against humanity, war crimes, and genocide. Despite the potential for the ICC to
deter human rights abuses, scholars and policy makers are divided on the
effectiveness of it. This debate, however, is plagued by some important theo-
retical and empirical limitations. I address the problems in the literature and
evaluate whether the ICC can prevent human rights abuses. I argue that the ICC
can deter governments from committing human rights violations by imposing a
variety of costs on them throughout their investigations that decrease their
expected payoffs for engaging in human rights abuses. Across a variety of sta-
tistical estimators that account for standard threats to inference and several
anecdotes, I find strong support for my theoretical expectations; leaders from
states that have ratified the Rome Statute commit lower levels of human rights
abuses than nonratifier leaders.


Keywords
international law, human rights, international institutions, international treaties




'Department of Political Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

Corresponding Author:
Benjamin J. Appel, Department of Political Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824,
USA.
Email: benjaminjappel@gmail.com

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