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59 J. Conflict Resol. 3 (2015)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr59 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                                                          journal of Conflict Resolution
                                                               2015, Vol. 59(l) 3-28
                                                               @ The Author(s) 2013
                                                             Reprints and permission:
lternaties, and                    the                 DOI: 10. 1177/002200273498706
Social Psychology of                                                 OSAGE

War Support

Aaron M. Hoffman', Christopher R. Agnew2,
Laura E. VanderDrift3 , and Robert Kulzick'

Using experiments, we show  that subjects who are asked about their support for
war without being told about diplomatic strategies to deal with crises back military
operations at levels consistent with people who are told that the alternatives to war
are of low quality. In contrast, subjects who are told that diplomacy could work to
resolve conflicts express less support for military operations. These results suggest
that, in the absence of conflicting evidence, people premise their support for war
on the assumption that leaders use force as a last resort. Implications for the study of
success as an  influence on public attitudes about US  military operations are

war support,  public opinion, success, experiments, social psychology

Roughly  three months before launching  Operation Iraqi Freedom, US  president
George W.  Bush held a meeting with Polish president Aleksander Kwasniewski. The

Department of Political Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
2 Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA

Corresponding Author:
Aaron M. Hoffman, Department of Political Science, Purdue University, 100 N. University St., West
Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
Email: ahoffman@purdue.edu

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