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55 J. Conflict Resol. 3 (2011)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr55 and id is 1 raw text is: 






                                                             Journal of Conflict Resolution
                                                                          55(I) 3-32
            Doe                                                    The Author(s) 2011
Does        G  lobalization                                     Reprints and permission:
                                                        sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
Breed         Ethnic                                      DOI: 10 1177/002200270383666
                                                                  http://jcr.sagepub.com
Discontent?                                                            OSAGE


Susan Olzak'




Abstract
This article examines how different components of globalization affect the death toll
from internal armed conflict. Conventional wisdom once held that the severity of
internal conflict would gradually decline with the spread of globalization, but fatalities
still remain high. Moreover, leading theories of civil war sharply disagree about how
different aspects of globalization might affect the severity of ethnic and nonethnic
armed conflicts. Using arguments from a variety of social science perspectives on
globalization, civil war, and ethnic conflict to guide the analysis, this article finds that
(I) economic globalization and cultural globalization significantly increase fatalities
from ethnic conflicts, supporting arguments from ethnic competition and world-
polity perspectives, (2) sociotechnical aspects of globalization increase deaths from
ethnic conflict but decrease deaths from nonethnic conflict, and (3) regime corrup-
tion increases fatalities from nonethnic conflict, which supports explanations sug-
gesting that the severity of civil war is greater in weak and corrupt states.

Keywords
globalization, ethnic armed conflict, battle deaths

Reports of fatalities from campaigns of ethnic cleansing in Darfur, Iraq, and Bosnia
dramatically illustrate the potential for ethnic disputes within countries to turn
deadly. Moreover, internal arimed conflicts now account for 90 percent of all fata-
lities from any type of war (Lacina 2006). In response, an enormous literature has


Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

Corresponding Author:
Susan Olzak, Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Email: olzak@stanford.edu

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