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47 J. Conflict Resol. 3 (2003)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr47 and id is 1 raw text is: 













Building a Science of World Politics


EMERGING METHODOLOGIES
AND   THE  STUDY OF CONFLICT



STUART A.   BREMER
Department of Political Science
Pennsylvania State University
PATRICK   M. REGAN
DAVID   H. CLARK
Department of Political Science
Binghamton University


The   contributions to this special issue provide a vehicle for moving the scientific
study of conflict and war forward. These articles reflect the results of a workshop on
Emerging  Methodologies  in the Quantitative Study of Conflict held at Binghamton
University in March  2001. The objective was to represent recent efforts to apply
emerging methodologies  to some of the more knotty empirical problems facing schol-
ars of conflict and its management. As this community develops more nuanced theo-
retical arguments, we need to be able to test our ideas empirically in ways consistent
with our theoretical specifications. The collection of articles in this issue clearly shows
that the scientific study of world politics has reached a high degree of methodological
maturity. They reveal not only the achievement of a high level of sophistication but
also an ability to adopt and adapt methods designed to deal with research problems
unique to world politics.
   Some  of our recent advancements involve more refined arguments to account for the
processes that lead states into militarized conflict, driven in part-but not exclusively-
by understanding the effects of processes that operate at different levels of analysis.
The dyad and/or the event, for example, pose methodological issues regarding strate-
gic choice, opportunity, and the stationarity of time-series data. Furthermore, the
entire notion of how we can best test our models, or hypotheses derived from them, has
important methodological implications. That is, competing model testing has devel-
oped as a viable alternative to testing the null hypothesis (see Bennett 1997) and pur-
ports to be an important approach to addressing some of the contemporary debates in



   AUTHORS'NOTE:  Our thanks to Bruce Russett and Glenn Palmer for their comments and to the partic-
ipants at the Workshop on Emerging Methodologies in the Quantitative Study of Conflict, Binghamton Uni-
versity, March 2001.
JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION, Vol. 47 No. 1, February 2003 3-12
DOI: 10.1177/0022002702239508
0 2003 Sage Publications
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