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20 J. Conflict Resol. 3 (1976)

handle is hein.journals/jcfltr20 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Theory, Policy, and


Resource Cartels


THE  CASE   OF  OPEC



DAVIS   B. BOBROW
Department of Government and Politics
University of Maryland
ROBERT T. KUDRLE
School of Public Affairs and
Center of International Studies
University of Minnesota



   Our choice of theoretical perspectives to apply to resource cartels seriously affects
the questions we ask, the predictions we make, and the policy suggestions we draw.
In this paper we examine the implications (and the limitations) of five perspectives
for the analysis of resource cartels in general and the Organization of Petroleum-
Exporting Countries (OPEC)  in particular: the theory of cartels; the theory of
depletable resources; coalition theory; internal politics approaches; and the theory of
collective action. Three classes of actors are considered-exporting producers,
importing cofisumers, and multinational resource exploitation firms. We gain in
realism by proceeding from simple to more complicated situations by including
political concerns, bureaucratic divisions, and the prospect of military coercion. Yet,
we  do so at the price of rigorous deductive frameworks with clear and coherent
predictions.




Our purpose here is to explore the predictive and prescriptive
implications of some  major social science perspectives for the international
policy  problems  posed  by resource  cartels. It is not to provide detailed
analysis of any particular cartel, although we will use the Organization of
Petroleum-Exporting   Countries (OPEC)   for illustrative purposes.

   AUTHORS' NOTE: An earlier version   of this paper was presented at the 1974
Annual  Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois,
August 29-September  2, 1974. We have benefited greatly from the suggestions and
criticisms of Mitchell Joelson, Mancur Olson, and the anonymous reviewers of this
Journal.

JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION, Vol. 20 No. 1, March 1976
( 1976 Sage Publications, Inc.


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