8 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 1 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob8 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization                                                         wwwiiste.org
ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)
Vol 8, 2012                                                                                            1154



                     Africa and the Crises of Democratisation:


                                     A Dialectical Analysis

                              Moses Eromedoghene Ukpenumewu Tedheke Ph.D.
       Department Of Political Science And Defence Studies, Nigerian Defence Academy, Pmb 2109, Kaduna
                                       E-Mail: Tedheke(Hotmail.Com


ABSTRACT
The crises of democratisation in Africa have not been properly focused on in its primacy, the economic dynamics of
democracy. As such this study focuses on the economics of democratisation which is out of the agenda of most
African countries. Although Africans and Western do-gooders of democracy pretend to offer Africa the liverages of
economic development, they have always done the contrary with the assistance of their local collaborators. The
global regime of capital has always worked against Africa's democratisation as it undermines Africa's economic
progress which strengthens Euro-American democracy in its fundamental of material base. Thus capitalist law of
uneven-development which aids the realisation problem of advance capital strengthens democracy in Europe and
North America and underdevelops democracy in Africa. This is the logic of the crises of democratisation in Africa
and can only be overcome by a home or African grown development processes and the stoppage of flight of capital
to Europe and North America.
Keywords: Democratisation, alienation, dialectics, liberalism, underdevelopment.


Every generation out of relative obscurity discovers its mission, fulfils it or betrays it Frantz Fanon
Every onlooker is either a coward or a traitor  Frantz Fanon
I would want to sleep! But the indolence of this generation would not allow me to sleep  CheikAnta Diop


INTRODUCTION
     Democracy is being discussed, especially, by Western liberal scholars as if it has always been a product only of
the Greek direct democracy and that of the contemporary liberal world. This has been done to shield democracy
from its linkage with egalitarianism or society of the pristine order, the primitive communal system or primitive
communism. One should not be frightened by this concept which has become a 'spectre' to the other side of the
world, the Western or Northern hemisphere. Primitive communal system or primitive communism is being your
brother's keeper. One supposes that this is not strange to Africa or the other parts of the South. It is quite closer to
the social democracies of the Scandinavian countries that is deeply welfarist. The primitive communal system had
a naturally-grown democracy based on the gentile constitution that grew out of society that knew no internal
contradictions, and was adapted only to such a society. It had no cohesive power except public opinion. However,
a society that succeeded it came into being by force of all its economic conditions of existence, had to split into
freemen and slaves, into exploiting rich and exploited poor; the society that is not only incapable of reconciling these
antagonisms, but had to drive them more and more to a head (Engels 1977:165).
     The reconciliation of these antagonistic relations since civilisation has been the basis of politics and indeed
democratic politics in the contemporary historical process since the age of imperialism or the age of the emergence
of advance capitalism. These countries mostly from Western Europe and North America claim to be the citadel of
democratic culture. We accept the position that democracy and its politics of representative electoral process are
still transitional even in the advance democracies of the world. Francis Fukuyama's position that Western liberal
democracy is The End of History is not tenable in the circumstances of democratic transition or democratisation.
As such we prefer the term democratisation which stresses the dynamic aspect of a still-unfinished process to the
term democracy, which reinforced the illusion that we can give a definite formula for it. Amin (2009:6-7)
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