71 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob71 and id is 1 raw text is: 

ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)
Vol.71, 2018                                                                                          HE

     A   Research on the Effects of the New Public Administration

                        Approach on Local Administrations

                                                F.Bettil, Aksogan
                  PhD  Candidate, Inonu University, Institute of Social Sciences, Malatya, Turkey

The  traditional public administration understanding that lasted until the 1980s gave its place to a solid,
hierarchical and bureaucratic, market-based, decentralized public administration understanding that is more
flexible after a paradigm shift in management. The international developments that are taking place today, along
with the reforms  in the political, economic, social and cultural fields, also necessitate changing in public
administration. In our  study, the impact  of the  reforms on  local administrations with  the new   public
administration understanding in Turkey will be examined. This effect is versatile and evaluated from a different
point of view considering anti-bureaucratic structure, participation in governance, openness and accountability,
reforms taking place in the axis of strategic planning and localization and change process.
Keywords:   New  Public Administration Approach, Localization, Local Administrations, Reform, Globalization

1.  Introduction
The world  is experiencing a rapid change thanks to technological development and the transition to information
society with globalization. Organizational structures have started their own modernization processes in various
dimensions  in order to adapt to this rapid change. Localization can be considered as a development aimed at
solving problems caused by globalization, to provide flexibility and diversity against socio-economic monotony
and central organization. (Al, 2008). On the other hand, the new public administration approach has adopted the
idea of preserving and developing  local values as well as universal values. This situation has increased the
importance of local people, local administrations and cities. This approach, which is called as the new concept of
public administration, advocates that the traditional public administration approach can not respond to changing
needs of the day, and expresses that it is quite old as a management approach and adds a different pespective and
value to the public administration. As a result of this large-scale change, the wishes and expectations of the
society have  also  changed  and  increased. States could  not  resist to this change  anymore,  and  local
administrations have increased their importance due to the developments  and have  started to spread central
administration authoritizations and responsibilities depending on the aforementioned processes.
     The  new public  approach and  the economic-political base approach have  increased the importance  of
urbanization within process. The high urbanization speed in developing countries, the diversity of services and
other facilities offered by the cities of the developed countries have led to greater emphasis on social, political
and  economic  aspects of the cities. Today, the strengthening of local administrations and the  restruction
according to this aim are considered as one of the indispensable elements in providing quality service as well as
in socio-economic   development.  With  the globalizing change;  the strong  national state and centralized
management   concept of the old times gradually gave its place to a structure in which localization has become the
foreground. During this transformation, new roles of center and local are being discussed and rebuilt considering
the unique conditions of the countries.
     The new  management  paradigm  is called as the New Public Administration in the literature. The factors that
reveal the new   concept of public  administration are gathered under  three topics as political-ideological,
economic  and social factors. These can be listed as political factors, economic factors and social factors. Political
factors are developments that take place within the framework of the new management concept, that predict a lot
of changes in the field from the methods of service delivery to privatization, leading to the questioning of the
role of the state. Economic factors are developments in public sector services, international trade, budget deficits,
economic  crises, private sector methods and techniques in the welfare state. Social factors consist of the factors
such as the problems  caused by the change  of the population structure, human rights, democracy, increasing
education level and individuals seeking their right and their changing expectations; and consequently, public
administrations becoming unresponsive and reducing trust in public institutions. (Bilgic, 2003: 28-32).
     In the course of this radical change, it can be said that international competition has concentrated on the
cities. Many  events are carried out in cities and important  decisions are taken there having  global and
international importance. Many cities have begun to have a more image and recognition than the county they are
in. The subsequent point increased the significance of the city administration and ensured the expansion of
metropolitan administrative structures. Specific legal arrangements have been made  for the management   of
special countries in their countries such as London, Toronto, Tokio and Mumbai.


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