58 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 78 (2017)
The Authority Investigators Civil Servant in the Criminal Justice System

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob58 and id is 79 raw text is: 


Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization                                                       wwiiste.ojg
ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)
Vol.58, 2017

The Authority Investigators Civil Servant in the Criminal Justice

                                               System

          Jeanne Darc N Manik*     A.Rachmad Budiono2      Prija Djatmika2   I Nyoman Nurjaya3
  I.Doctorate Candidate of Law Faculty, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia and Lecturer of Law Faculty,
                                   Bangka Belitung University, Indonesia
                    2.Postgraduate Program of Law Faculty, Brawijaya University, Malang
                    3.Professor of Anthropology of Law, Brawijaya University, Malang

Abstract
The probe is investigating a series of actions in the matter and according to the manner provided for in the Act to
find and gather the evidence with the evidence it made clear about the crime happened and to find should suspect.
Investigators civil servant have a special authority in accordance with the legislation that became the basis of the
law and in the exercise of his duties were under the coordination and supervision of the Police investigators.
Special authority means the authority is exercised on the basis of the provisions of the legislation which
establishes the authority for executing those special regulations. This type of research is the study of the law
(Legal Research). Research directed at the practical side of goal to allow the application concerns the formation
of (institution) of law and application of the law by related officials. Investigators civil servant because of its
obligations has the authority receives a report or a complaint from a person regarding the existence of a criminal
act, performing the first act at the moment on the scene, told to stop a suspect and examining the self identifier
suspects, making arrests, detentions, searches and seizures, foreclosure and checks the mail, taking finger prints
and a photograph of a person, call the people to be heard and examined as a suspect or a witness certain experts
people, bringing needed in relation to the proceeding, termination of investigation and held another action
according to law. Its gave the authority to carry out investigation to investigators civil servant will facilitate in
the disclosure of a crime given the large number of obstacles faced by police authorities in conducting the
investigation.
Keywords: Authority, Investigator, Investigators Civil Servants, The Criminal Justice System

1. Introduction
The organization of criminal justice is a mechanism of criminal law enforcement works ranging from the process
of inquiry and investigation, arrest, detention, prosecution to examination in the court of session. Works of the
police, prosecutors, judges and correctional officers, which means the process or works of the law of criminal
procedure (Anwar, Yesmil and Adang, 2009). These efforts are conducted, in order to achieve the goals of
criminal justice. In order to achieve the aim in criminal justice, law enforcement or law enforcement even though
the task is different but must work together in one unified system.
        The performance of each of the legal officer should always be functionally related. Alignment of the
subsystems in the criminal justice system is not only directed towards the goal of tackling crime, is also directed
towards controlling the occurrence of crime within the limits of the acceptable tolerance      (Mardjono
Reksodiputro, 2007). The success of a system, it can be known if it is directly proportional to the admissibility of
the complaint of the community who are victims of crime, was able to bring the perpetrators to trial and
implementation of future court rulings. In the criminal justice system approach is heavy on the coordination and
synchronization of components of criminal justice are Police, Prosecutors, Courts and Correctional Institutions.
Supervisory control of the use of power by the components of criminal justice.
        The law of criminal procedure in Indonesia, governing the country through the agencies enforcing the
right to punish or assign criminal. Therefore, the use of these rights should be set up as an investigator and
investigation. According to Criminal Procedure Code ( Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana : KUHAP)
in Article 1 point 2, the probe is investigating a series of actions in the matter and according to the manner
provided for in this Act to find and gather the evidence with the evidence it makes clear about the crime
happened and to find should suspect.
        R. Susilo explained the meaning of the word investigation is as follows The investigation comes from
the word which means the bright prints, so the investigation means making light or clear. Fingerprints means
fingerprinting scars so that investigation means looking for the former, in this case the former crime which
means after the former there is accumulated of the crime. The meaning is, strictly speaking, so it can prosecute
known criminal events of what has happened and who is the person who has committed a crime. (R. Soesilo,
1980).
        The first examination against a criminal act is an act of investigation to find the facts and evidence, the
existence of a crime. The nature of criminal investigation was to clear up the issue, to pursue wrongdoers while
obviating the innocent people of action who are not supposed to. (Sofyan Andi and Asis, Abd., 2014). In this

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