4 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 1 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob4 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization                                                           www.iiste org
ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)
Vol 4, 2012                                                                                              D&


                                 Globalization as a Discourse

                                          Rahmat Abbastabar Moghri
         Research Scholar in Political Science. Department of Political Science. University of Mysore. India

                        * E-mail: abbastabar2011( ~gmail.cor   abastabar2002pavahoo.com


Abstract
Discourse theory is a main and important theory in analyzing political and social matters and affairs. Discursive
analyzing of globalization is a new subject in debate of globalization. Globalization is a multidimensional new
phenomenon which has more affection in many dimensions of politics, culture, social and economic of human life.
Nowadays, there are many theories and views of globalization in different scopes. So according to discourse theory
my hypothesis in this article is; Globalization is arena competition of discourses which one of them could be
dominated on others. There are many thoughts in discourse theory but the theory of Laclao and Muafe is more
suitable in discursive analyzing of globalization.
Keywords: Discourse, Globalization, Discursive Struggle Globalization.

1. Introduction
The phenomenon of globalization as a new paradigm, in influence of economic evolutions, has changed human
societies excellently since half century past. In late decades, the scientific and academic societies, especially political
science, and some other matters like political systems, states, and democracy, has conceptual redefined by
globalization. Nowadays the word globalization has been a current term in various contexts in the world. And it
caused mental disturbance for many literates and scholars in politics, economic and culture contexts.
Definition of globalization due to its multidimensional nature is very difficult. But the common definition of it is; a
process of similarity and integration of human in the worldwide (awareness or ignorant) under influence of increase
and extension of information and communications technology, and compaction of time and space.
Globalization with removing geographical, social and political barriers has created facility integration of thoughts
and ideologies. So, all theories and thoughts in the world try to dominate on others. Globalization has caused
competition of discourses of globalization in the world.

2. Discourse Analyze
Discourse theory addresses to study the role of meaningful social opinions and actions in political life. This theory
studies the method in which conceptual awareness ways of their roles in the society and analyzes the effectiveness
method of these conceptual systems (disciplines) or discourses on political activities. Discourses should not be
considered as ideology in its traditional and limited concept (i.e. a set of opinions and ideas by which social actors
justify and demonstrate their organized social actions and practices).Discourse concept encompasses all kinds of
political and social practices. (Hogarth, 2000, P2)This theory is based on pre- assumptions and assumptions which
are (include) as follows:
     *   Different people (human- beings) view to the single (unit) speech or technique in different ways.
     *   In discourse analyses, truth and lie (true and false) are suspended.
     *   The test should be viewed in lieu of a meaningful whole.
     *   No text is impartial (unbiased).
     *   Truth is made by discourse.

In views of Laclau and Miuffe, discourses form our assumption (image) from the reality and the world an in their
opinions, understanding political and social affairs and generally real world is just possible within (inside) discourse
structures. Discourse theory of Laclau and Miuffe emphasizes on the file of language in representation and also
creation of social reality (fact). Therefore, access to reality is possible just through the language. Of course,
representation of language through reality means never the existence of pre- existed and concrete (objective) reality
(fact), because it is only the language which creates the reality. The world is the product of discourses. Of course,
they don't deny the existence of reality but they believe that the realities (facts) are meant just through the
discourses. (Laclau & Moffe, 1985) Distinguish aspect of Laclau and Miuffe's discourse analysis from the other
discourse theories is discourse movement from culture and philosophy domain (field) to the society and politics.

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