30 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 1 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob30 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization                                          wwwiisteorg
ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)
Vol.30, 2014                                                                           IISTE

     An Analysis of Human Rights Violation by the Nigerian

                                 Security Services

                               FELIX DANIEL NZARGA
  School of Law, Nigerian Law School, Yola Campus Nigeria P.M.B 217 1,Yola Town
                                   Postal Code 640101
                             *Email felixnzarga@gmail.com

This paper is aimed at examining what is human rights and what constitutes human rights violation, the
analysis of various violations of human rights by the men of Nigeria security services. The paper shall look
at circumstances leading to such violations, as reported by the media and the impediments to the realization
of human rights, the possible prospects for its amelioration in form of recommendation.

The security services of any nation are an integral part of the society that cannot be dispensed with and
their responsibilities with regard to securing lives and properties cannot be overemphasized. -This is why
it is, ironical that the ones who are supposed to safe-guard and protect turn around to -trample upon and
violate the rights of the citizenry.
The security services in Nigeria include:
The Nigerian Armed Forces i.e. Army, Air Force and Navy.
The Nigeria Police Force
The State Security Services (SSS)
Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps.
The Nigerian Prisons Service
The Nigerian Customs. Service
The Nigerian Immigration Service

       Some of the functions of these security agencies as provided by law include
amongst others the preservation of law and order, detection of any crime within Nigeria,
maintenance of internal security, the protection and preservation of all non military
classified matters concerned with the internal security of Nigeria. 1
       Other functions of these security agencies are defending the nation from external
aggression, maintaining its territorial integrity and securing violations on land, sea or air
suppressing insurgency and acting in aid of civil authorities to restore order when they
are called upon to do so by the President.2
Human Rights have been variously defined. For instance Nnamdi J. Aduba in his book defined Human
Rights as those rights that are in the very nature of human persons. They define and affirm humanity, they
exist to ensure that Human -Rights remain sacred and guarantee that inhumanity and injustice are
prevented or redressed3
       Human Rights are rights possessed by all persons by virtue of their common
humanity to live a life of freedom and dignity. 4Human Rights are universal they
       Are the same for everyone' everywhere. They are inalienable; they are neither be
taken away nor given up and they are indivisible, there is no hierarchy among rights and
no right can be suppressed in order to promote another right.5
       The United -Nations in 1987 described Human .Rights in the following manner:
Human Rights could be generally defined as those 'rights without which we cannot

I National Security. Agency Act 2004 51 Cap N74 LFN
2 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 19995217 (as amended)
3 Aduba, J. N, Inquiries on Human Rights Practice in Nigeria Past, Present and Future being an Inaugural
Lecture delivered the  University of Jos Inaugural lecture series, 54 on 29th June, 2012. P. 8
5 Ibid

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