2 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 1 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/jawpglob2 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization                                            www.iiste.org
ISSN 2224-3240 (Paper) ISSN 2224-3259 (Online)                                               011 1
Vol 2, 2012                                                                                  II5%



        Ailing Health Status in West Bengal Critical Analysis



                                     P.K. Rana, B.P. Mishra*
   Department of law, Reader, M.S.Law College, Cuttack, Utkal University, ODISHA, INDIA
            * E-mail of the corresponding author: mishrabhabaniprasadlO@gmail.com

Abstract

The State of West Bengal in India is at the crossroads in the field of health care delivery system. Nutrition,
health and education are the three inputs accepted as significant for the development of human resources
and the progress of the State of West Bengal in India during the last decade towards achieving these three
inputs has been uneven. The main purpose of this article is to show the health facilities and challenges in
West Bengal of India where the problem of providing effective health care services to the majority of its
citizens has become an impossible task for the State of Government of West Bengal. Public Health
expenditure under the State of West Bengal is so low that there has been hunger and starvation deaths in
different districts of West Bengal. Different datas have been cited through different tables bringing into
limelight of Infant Mortality Rate, Birth Rate, Death Rate and the facilities of Government of Hospitals of
the State of West Bengal.This article has made a focus on the urgency of strengthening the implementation
of all the rural and urban health care program and improve infant and child feeding practices among
women. It is a challenge for the State of West Bengal in India to meet Millennium Development Goals by
2015.

Keywords: Ailing health status in West Bengal, Analysis



1.      Introduction

        The State of West Bengal where about three quarters of population live in villages, the remaining
quarter living in urban areas and more than half reside in greater Kolkata is at crossroads in the field of
health care delivery system. It is needless to say that the state economy rests on the health, ability and well-
being of the people. The promotion and protection of right to health of the people of a state is essential for
sustained economic and social development. These developments depend upon the satisfaction of an
individual on his certain basic minimum needs for a healthy and a reasonably productive living. The
enhancement of health is a constitute part of development and to give good health and economic prosperity
tend to support each other.1 Nutrition, health and education are the three inputs accepted as significant for
the development of human resources and the progress of the state of West Bengal during the last decade
towards achieving these three inputs has been uneven. An important feature to this has been the serious
under-funding of the health sector and the poor performance of the public health delivery system is crippled
by several constraints : vacancies and absenteeism of staff; urban/rich bias in the distribution and use of
facilities; lack of drugs and other essential supplies at the field level and low staff motivation and
management capacity. In 1978, at the Alma Ata Conference ministers from 134 member countries in
association with WHO and UNICEF declared Health for all by the year 2000 selecting Primary Health
Care as the best tool to achieve it. Unfortunately that dream never came true. In many cases it has
deteriorated further. But the Government of India claims that the country is on track to meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets by 2015.2 It argues that the number of people living below
the poverty line has reduced. It claims that child and material mortality rates are reducing at a pace
commensurate with its plans. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
(MGNREGS) has increased rural employment. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), a national policy to
universalise primary education, has increased enrolment in schools. The Reproductive and Child Health
Programme (RCHP) II, the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDSs) and the National Rural Health

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