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82 J. Air L. & Com. 683 (2017)
The Rise of the Drones: Framework and Governance - Why Risk It

handle is hein.journals/jalc82 and id is 725 raw text is: 






      THE   RISE  OF  THE   DRONES: FRAMEWORK AND
                GOVERNANCE-WHY RISK IT!

DR.  SARAH  JANE  Fox*





                            ABSTRACT
   Some  seventy-one  years  ago, it was found  that drones   could
play a  role within our  society. While  the military was  quick to
realize this and  develop  the technology,  it is only recently that
the  civilian application is being  explored  en  masse. That  said,
given  this prediction and  the military direction, legislators find
themselves  now  unprepared for the civilian   use and  market  po-
tential. However,   this is not an  unprecedented situation; the
civil aviation (manned)   market  has  often shown  an  inability to
work  together, be  prepared,  and  cooperate.  As a consequence,
there  has been   fragmentation   and, arguably,  casualties associ-
ated with  such lethargy.
   This article discusses the aspects of risk, governance,  liability
(predominately   covering  safety and security), and the need for a
suitable framework   relating to drone  usage  (particularly viewed
from  the perspective  of third parties). This article identifies the

  * Dr. Sarah Jane Fox holds a PhD in law; her research is related to cross-
border enforcement and the implications (challenges) of the movement of
people (and transport) across set boundaries into other jurisdictions. Sarah has
studied EU and international law, as well as criminal law for many years. She is a
recognized specialist in transport law and policy, particulary specializing in
aviation law and security/counter-terrorism policy and strategy. Sarah has
undertaken numerous consultancy projects in relation to free movement, safety/
security, and counter-terrorism. She is currently an advisor to MAVCOM
(Malaysian Aviation Commission) and a listed expert with the EU Parliament. In
2015-16, Sarah was awarded the distinguished Fulbright Commission post-
doctoral research scholarship, which was also co-supported by Lloyd's of London.
Her research professorship at DePaul University, Chicago, USA, related to threats
and risks to critical national infrastructures; in particular, her focus related to
transport modes and systems. Sarah is currently a professor and researcher at
Middlesex University, The School of Law, the Burroughs in London, UK, and is a
member  of a number of law enforcement bodies. She also sits as a Trustee on the
Lloyd's Tercentenary Research Foundation Board, as of 2017.


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