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29 J. Am. Acad. Matrimonial Law. 351 (2016-2017)
In-Kind Child Support

handle is hein.journals/jaaml29 and id is 377 raw text is: 

In-Kind  Child Support

In-Kind Child Support

Margaret  Ryznar*

     Given that the importance of child support increases with the
decline of the traditional family, it is essential to address the issues
facing the child support system, such as high arrearages and loss
of involvement  by many  noncustodial parents.  This Article ex-
plores the merits of changing the current rules on child support,
which  do not recognize in-kind child support. Due to the adminis-
trative difficulty of in-kind child support and its potential hardship
to custodial parents, this Article also proposes limits on such a
system, including percentage caps on in-kind child support and ju-
dicial approval or parental agreement.

I.  Introduction
     Increasing numbers  of children in the United  States con-
tinue to be reliant on the child support system. While children of
divorce  generated  significant reliance on child support in the
United  States in the twentieth century, today they are joined by
many   out-of-wedlock children whose  parents never married. In
2014, more  than  40%  of births were to single women.1  To the
extent that divorce numbers  are decreasing, it is because fewer
people  are marrying.
     As a result of these demographic changes, more than 22 mil-
 lion children lived with only one parent-the custodial parent-
 in the spring of 2014, composing   26%   of all children in the

     * Associate Professor of Law, Indiana University McKinney School of
 Law. Thanks to librarian Benjamin Keele and Jessica Dickinson for their inval-
 uable research assistance, as well as the faculties of the Indiana University Mc-
 Kinney School of Law and the Indiana University Maurer School of Law for
 helpful comments during workshops of this paper.
     1 Unmarried Childbearing, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PRE-
 VENTION, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/unmarried-childbearing.htm (last vis-
 ited Jan. 11, 2017).


Vol. 29, 2017

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