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18 J. Am. Acad. Matrimonial Law. 131 (2002-2003)
Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Review of Critical Issues

handle is hein.journals/jaaml18 and id is 147 raw text is: Parental Alienation Syndrome

Parental Alienation Syndrome:
A Review of Critical Issues
Ira Turkat*
I. Introduction
Attorneys who litigate child custody cases are accustomed to
hearing clients charge that their children are being turned against
them by the other parent.' Allegations of this sort elicit a com-
plex array of questions, consequences, and emotions. The most
important consideration in these circumstances is that when an
allegation of this kind is raised it does not bode well for the chil-
dren involved.2
If the allegation of manipulation against the other parent is
false, then one parent seriously misinterprets certain familial be-
havior or is lying about the actions of the other parent. Neither
exemplifies the kind of role modeling to which children should
be exposed.
* Dr. Turkat is a psychologist in Venice, Florida, and is Courtesy Clinical
Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Flor-
ida College of Medicine.
I See Stanley S. Clawar & Brynne V. Rivlin, Children Held Hostage:
Dealing with Programmed and Brainwashed Children (1991); Kenneth Byrne,
Brainwashing in Custody Cases: The Parental Alienation Syndrome, 4 AUSTL.
FAM. L. 1 (1989); Michael R. Walsh & J. Michael Bone, Parental Alienation
Syndrome: An Age-Old Custody Problem, 71 FLA. B.J. 93 (1997).
2 At a minimum, this indicates the existence of significant conflict be-
tween the parents, and there is ample scientific evidence that interparental con-
flict can be harmful to the children involved. Paul Amato & Alan Booth, The
Legacy of Parents' Marital Discord: Consequences for Children's Marital Qual-
ity, 81 J. PERS. Soc. PSYCHOL. 627 (2001); Paul Amato & Bruce Keith, Parental
Divorce and the Well-Being of Children: A Meta-Analysis, 110 PSYCHOL. BULL.
26 (1991); Katherine M. Kitzmann & Robert E. Emery, Child and Family Cop-
ing One Year After Mediated and Litigated Child Custody Disputes, 8 J. FAM.
PSYCHOL. 150 (1994); Anita K. Lampel, Children's Alignment With Parents in
Highly Conflicted Custody Cases, 34 FAM. & CONCILIATION. CTS. REV. 229

Vol 18, 2002

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