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2 Iustinianus Primus L. Rev. 1 (2011)

handle is hein.journals/iusplr2 and id is 1 raw text is: 






Author:
Aleksandra  Maksimovska   Veljanovski, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor at Law faculty Justinijanus Primus - Skopje,
University Sv.Kirili and Metodif, Republic ofMacedonia

              FINANCING THE CITY OF SKOPJE:
  POLITICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
                            ASPECTS

Abstract
The paper  begins with chronical, historical development of the City of
Skopje, in  order to  show  its demographic,  territorial and social
development. It consists of five parts; each of them examines political
administrative, economic and social aspects of financing the capital of
Republic ofMacedonia.
The  conclusion offers some remarks about every day's city's' problems
that are generated  by the newly adopted  model  of local financing.
Several  proposals  are  given for  improvement   of  the financial
architecture, mostly focused on the sharing formula between the City and
ten sub municipalities.

Introduction
Today,  Skopje  is the capital and  largest city in the Republic of
Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as
well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the
country.
Some  of the famous  people born in Skopje are: Justinian the Great -
Eastern Roman  Emperor  (482 - 566); Mother Teresa - Roman Catholic
Humanitarian  (1910 - 1997); Darko Pancev  - European Cup  Football
Winner  (1965 -); Milio Manievski - Macedonian film director (1959 -);
Yahya  Kemal Beyath - famous Turkish poet (1884 - 1958)'.

    1.  Historical background (population and administrative trends)
City of Skopje has great history roots. It has been inhabited since at least
3500 BC,  and known  from the Roman period uder the name of Scups. In
1689, it was completely burnt2 - ostensibly to eradicate an outbreak of
cholera. The city's fortunes waned over the next 200  years and its
population shrank to only about 10,000 people by the middle  of the
XIXth century. It revived after 1873 - with the building of the railway
from  Belgrade to Thessalonica, which passed through Skopje. At the
begining of the XX centery (1905), the Skopje's population exeeded to
32,000, and in 1920 it has grown approximately three times to 92,136. It
had developed  rapidly after World War II. Considering territorial and
administrative aspects of organization, Skopje was the capital of the
Republic  of Macedonia  -  as a member   of the Socialist Federative
Republic of Yugoslavia.
The  period  of  socialism brought high-speed  development  to  the
Macedonia's  capital in the area of new constructions (roads, bridges,
housing area development) which were financed by state funds.

1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skopje
2 Skopje was burned by the Austrian general Engelberto d'Ugo Piccolomini.


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