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10 Iustinianus Primus L. Rev. 1 (2019)

handle is hein.journals/iusplr10 and id is 1 raw text is: 





Marko  Krtolica


   MACEDONIAN ELECTORAL SYSTEM FOR ELECTION OF
                           MPS:   A  STABILIZER
      OR   A  CREATOR OF THE POLITICAL CRISES IN THE
                MACEDONIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM?

Abstract.................     .........1 III. Proportional electoral model with
I. Introduction....................2  open party    lists. . ...  .......  ... ...6
II. General characteristics of the    IV. Proportional electoral  model with
proportional electoral model and its  one constituency .. ... .... ...........9
application in the Macedonian political  V. Conclusion.....  ... ........ ... 13
system............... .... .... ....3


                                    Abstract
The  electoral system is one of the basic subsystems of each political system. Having
that in mind, it is easily noticeable that the legal and political theory is filled with
authors, who analyse the influence of the electoral system over the functioning of the
political system. In this regard, it is entirely expected that the electoral system for
election of the Macedonian MPs   affects the whole functioning of the Macedonian
political system, as well. Starting from 2002, up until present day, for elections of
Macedonian  MPs,  the proportional electoral model is used with the application of the
D'Hondt   method  and closed electoral lists when choosing the Macedonian  MPs.
Created in this way, although it is a proportional electoral model, which according to
all rules has the capacity to fragment the party system in one society, still in the end,
the impression  is that the predicted solutions contribute to stabilization of the
Macedonian   party system  and functionality of the Macedonian  political system.
However,  since 2008, up until present day, the Macedonian society quite often was
affected by political crises, which ultimately led to early parliamentary elections.
Within the last political crisis, related to the wiretapped telephone conversations, the
opinion that reigned the Macedonian society was that the electoral system for election
of MPs  contributes to development of authoritarian tendencies in the Macedonian
society. The thing that was mostly emphasized  towards such a contribution is the
bigger chance for success of the bigger parties, and not the smaller ones, as well as the
influence of the closed electoral lists over the power of the political leaders. Thus, in
the period of the political crisis, different actors had many different ideas to change
the electoral system for parliamentary election. Certain political actors advocated a
return to the majority electoral model, others, on the other hand, advocated using the
proportional electoral model, but with open electoral lists or, by creating the whole
territory of the country one constituency. In that direction, this paper will try to find
an answer whether the current electoral system for parliamentary election contributes
or has contributed for the development of political crises or, such political crises are a
result of other matters. Moreover, this paper will try to give an answer to whether the

* Marko Krtolica, PhD, Teaching and Research Assistant, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in
Skopje, lustinianus Primus Law Faculty.


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