59 Int'l Soc. Work 3 (2016)

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Editorial


                                                                            International Social Work
                                                                              2016, Vol. 59(I) 3-4
Editorial                                                                    @ The Author(s) 2015
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                                                                     DOI: 10.1 177/0020872815618895
                                                                                 isw.sagepub.com
                                                                                   OSAGE

This issue engages with a wide diversity of methods and themes covered in social work research.
Each article poses important questions for educators, practitioners and policymakers. Despite such
methodological diversity a common concern shared by all authors in this issue is how social workers
can promote social justice and challenge social exclusion and oppression.
   In the first article, Frederico Lisboa Rom~o provides an analysis of the social impact of the use
of royalties and special participation, and sovereign and social funds, in the context of the pre-salt
oil reserves in Brazil. His main argument is that despite the enormous growth in the revenue from
royalties in oil-producing municipalities; there has been little or no impact on social development,
social justice, and human rights. Frederico Lisboa Rom~o concludes that oil, and resources derived
from oil, are assets of the Union, requiring adequate social control.
   The second article of this issue also places a strong emphasis on social justice. Jami Curley, Fred
M  Ssewamala,  Proscovia Nabunya, Vilma  Ilic and Han Chang Keun  explore an innovative inter-
vention for orphaned children in Uganda, which combines standard health care with an economic
empowerment   component  (CDAs).  The focus of this article is on the educational outcomes of the
girls in this study. The authors suggest that CDAs have the potential to begin to help negate the
effects of past gender inequalities and to help provide a path for young girls to move forward.
   In the next article, Shweta Singh, Ru Zhou, Xiong Li and Liping Tong explore the relationship
between wealth indexes and the outcome of diseases such as diabetes, asthma, and BMI irregulari-
ties. In particular, the article evaluates the construct of virtual neighborhoods in urban and rural
populations of women. The authors conclude that women's health outcomes and processes appear
to be complicated due to poverty and neighborhood interaction.
   Sahar Al-Makhamreh,   in the next article, also challenges inequalities and social exclusion,
although in a different cultural context. Her study discusses the identity construction of young deaf
people in Jordan through their own interpretation and the perspectives of their families. Findings
suggest that schools and family environments remain predominantly exclusionary in socializing
young  deaf into the construction of an identity of disability. However, young deaf people view
themselves as a sub-group within a larger collective culture. This study takes into account the
wider differences inherent in gender issues, as is significant in the conceptualization of young deaf
identity in the Arab world.
   Kam-yee  Law  and Kim-ming   Lee re-examine  the crucial debate on the issue of social work
indigenizaton. In their article they argue that making use of indigenization as an interactive and
non-linear process helps cultivate a multicultural social work practice within a society. In particu-
lar, they challenge mainstream thinking by claiming that importing Western social work practice
and indigenization are compatible. In their article they illustrate such compatibility by analyzing
how  political activists employ Western values and practice, the universal human rights discourse,
and mainstreaming, to fight for the rights of Hong Kong ethnic minorities.
   The next article provides a thorough examination of the experiences of women leaving violent
relationships in Lebanon. Jamil6 Khoury and Samantha Wehbi  explore the process of making the
decision to leave within the particularities of the Lebanese sociocultural context. Their findings

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