39 Int'l Soc. Work 5 (1996)

handle is hein.journals/intsocwk39 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Special   Issue:   Social   Work and Economic
Development

Introduction

James   Midgley,  Guest   Editor


Development  has  been a dominant  theme of  the 20th century.
Unlike in any other period of history, the idea that economic devel-
opment  can raise standards of living and promote social progress is
generally accepted. This idea has also been widely implemented.
Through  diverse economic policies, governments throughout the
modern  world have fostered the modernization of their economies,
accelerated economic growth  and expanded  employment oppor-
tunities for citizens.
  The results of the drive for development have been spectacular.
Many  economists believe that rates of economic growth during this
century have  been unprecedented. Many   accept that economic
modernization has significantly increased the productive capacity of
traditional economies, fostered the application of new technologies,
generated wage employment   on a significant scale and enhanced
prosperity. The symbols of economic success are to be seen in both
the industrial and developing countries. Throughout the world,
modern  industries have expanded, cities have grown and many more
people have access to goods and services which were previously
available only to the most wealthy sections of the population.
  However,  economic development has not been a panacea for the
problems  of poverty and  deprivation. While most  economists
believe that growth is a prerequisite for raising standards of living,
it is clear that economic growth of itself does not eradicate poverty.
In many  countries, respectable rates of economic growth and a
significant degree of economic modernization have not been accom-
panied by improvements in welfare for all. Indeed, in many parts of

James Midgley is Professor of Social Work and Associate Vice Chancellor for
Research at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, United States of
America.

International Social Work (SAGE, London, Thousand Oaks, CA and New Delhi),
Vol. 39 (1996), 5-12.

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