30 Int'l Soc. Work 3 (1987)

handle is hein.journals/intsocwk30 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Editorial
International Social Work's mission statement indicates that 'the
journal places particular emphasis on  articles concerned with
comparative  analysis'. Comparisons can be used in any type of
social analysis to evaluate, explain, and to encourage creative
thinking about alternative approaches to problem solving. In an
international context, comparative analysis specifically refers to
comparisons  across nations and cultures. Such analysis is designed
to  increase  sensitivity and deepen   appreciation  for  both
differences and similarities in cross-national social environments
and  value systems. In our field, it should also foster an under-
standing of commonalities and variances in social policies, social
welfare  programmes   and  social work   practice in  different
countries. Thus, attitudes can be shaped and knowledge deepened
by appropriate and effective use of comparative analysis.
  This issue again features articles which use comparison as a
principal tool of analysis. Sidney Zimbalist examines differences
between  Swedish  and American   social expenditures and notes
increasing divergence in both level and types of welfare commit-
ments.  This  comparison   leads  him   to several  significant
conclusions, including the point that 'more universalistic programs
engender  broader public constituencies, whereas more selective
means  tested programs  lead to decreasing support'. Ideas and
values rather than  programmes  and  expenditures  provide the
subject for Nelson Chow's  analysis. He offers a historical and
cross-cultural comparison of Western  and Chinese  ideas about
social welfare. His examination suggests that ideas about the role
of the individual versus that of the family and the emphasis on
contract versus compassion, have a major impact on approaches
to social welfare in different countries. These articles provide
examples  of how different forms of comparison can increase our
understanding  of programmes   and  practice, both within  and
among  nations and cultures.

This is my final issue as editor-in-chief of International Social Work.
My   new  responsibilities as president of the Council on Social
Work  Education, the national accrediting organization for schools
of social work in the United States demand too  much  time and

International Social Work (SAGE, London, Newbury Park, Beverly Hills and New
Delhi), Vol. 30 (1987), 3-4.

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