28 Int'l Soc. Work 1 (1985)

handle is hein.journals/intsocwk28 and id is 1 raw text is: 














EDITORIAL


    N   a   thoroughly  exhaustive  article
    'Towards     Internationalizing  Needs
    Assessment',  authors Thomas  D. Watts
and  Martin   Sundel examine   the idea  of
global  needs assessment in social welfare.
The   paper is divided into three  sections:
first, a brief consideration of the history of
needs  assessment, second, discussion of the
rationale for  wanting  to  internationalize
needs assessment and thirdly, several sugges-
tions as to how  to operationalize some of
the ideas.

  Doctors   from   Preventive  and   Social
Medicine  apply their mind to areas of social
defence. In Bombay,   India, 371 delinquent
boys and  girls were interviewed in order to
study  the various  socio-economic factors.
In the majority of cases, an adverse home
environment  played a major role. Aberrent
behaviour  was seen  to be associated with
poor  pecuniary conditions, nuclear family
pattern and  large family size. In Nigeria,
Dr. Mba   tells us how sizeable money  and
effort are spent on children in schools to
invest in that category of human  resource
which  is very promising for the society. A
close link is maintained between the parents
and the school environment through welfare


officers. Author  suggests that the welfare
officers undergo special training to be more
efficacious in their task. That social deve-
lopment  does  not follow economic  growth
is well borne out by Korean example  where
high  economic  growth  of   the past  two
decades  has  been  accompanied   by  acute
social problems  as also economic  inequali-
ties, different pay for same work, inequitable
distribution of money and  therefore power.
Prof.  Yang  Chin  talks  of  measures   to
combat   the  ills of unchecked   economic
growth  specifically mentioning a field place-
ment  centre for department of Social Work
at the  university which  applies itself to
multiple activities meant to bring  welfare
closer to bare  economics. Once   again, in
Indian urban  community,  the professors of
two well-known  centres of training describe
extent of  mental  health deficiencies in a
community  of over 50,000 neople, all steeped
in dire poverty. A  significant area of dis-
covery is that mental retardation is almost
double  in  slum  areas vis-a-vis non-slum
areas  Cultural  deprivation seems  to  be
a variable applicable to this state.

                        Mrs. Chandra  Dave
                              Editor

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