2016 Int'l Surv. Fam. L. 457 (2016)
Islamic Law Mode of Estate Distribution in South Africa

handle is hein.journals/intsfal2016 and id is 491 raw text is: 















                         SOUTH AFRICA



          ISLAMIC LAW MODE OF ESTATE

        DISTRIBUTION IN SOUTH AFRICA

                    Muneer  Abduroaf  and  Najma  Moosa




     Resume

     Cette 6tude porte sur l'application, en matiare successorale, de la loi islamique en
     Afrique du sud. Si la 16gislation nationale ne prescrit aucunement le recours A la loi
     islamique, cette dernibre peut n6anmoins devenir efficiente, par exemple lorsqu'un
     testateur le pr~voit. De mime, les h~ritiers r6gime juridique d&coulant de
     l'application de cette loi est rendu difficile par de succession ab intestat peuvent
     consentir A l'application de loi islamique. Un examen approfondi du l'existence
     d'&coles de pense diff~rentes. L'analyse montre qu'il y existe des situations dans
     lesquelles les droits successoraux reconnus aux femmes, le sont de fagon moins
     favorable que s'il s'agissait d'hommes. L'on peut mime dire que ceci est la rigle
     g6ndrale. Mais cette 6tude montre aussi que la loi n'est pas cohdrente et qu'il y a
     des cas ou les femmes et les hommes de mime rang h~ritent de fagon 6galitaire,
     voire, parfois, ont les femmes sont favorisbes.



I   INTRODUCTION

It has  been  argued  by some   academics  that the  Islamic law  of intestate
succession discriminates against females  due  to its unequal  distribution of
shares in favour of males.' The general example  used in this regard is when a
son inherits double the share of a daughter.2 The  question as to whether the
unequal  distribution is consistent throughout  the  Islamic law  of intestate
succession is an important one and is further investigated herein. This chapter
examines  the mode of distribution of deceased estates in terms of Islamic law as
currently applied in South Africa. Estate liability claims are first looked at by



   Muneer Abduroaf, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape. Najma Moosa,
   Professor of Law, Department of Private Law, University of the Western Cape.
   C Rautenbach, NMI Goolam and N Moosa, 'Religious Legal Systems: Constitutional Analysis'
   in C Rautenbach, JC Bekker and NMI Goolam, Introduction to Legal Pluralism in South
   Africa (3rd edn, LexisNexis, Durban, 2010) 211.
2  See MT Al Hilali and MM Khan, Translation of the meanings of the Noble Qur'an in the
   English Language (King Fahd Complex for the printing of the Holy Qur'an, Madeenah, 1417)
   4: 11. The number before the colon refers to the chapter number in the Quraan. The number
   after the colon refers to the verse.

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