13 J. Intell. Prop. L. 337 (2005-2006)
Martha Graham, Professor Miller and the Work for Hire Doctrine: Undoing the Judicial Bind Created by the Legislature

handle is hein.journals/intpl13 and id is 343 raw text is: MARTHA GRAHAM, PROFESSOR MILLER AND
THE WORK FOR HIRE DOCTRINE: UNDOING
THE JUDICIAL BIND CREATED BY THE
LEGISLATURE
Nany S. Ki'm*
I.  INTRODUCTION   ...........................................  339
II.  W ORK  FOR  HIRE  ..........................................  342
A.  BACKGROUND  ..........................................  342
B. THE EFFECT OF A WRITTEN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE
PARTIES ................................................  344
C. JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION OF THE WORK FOR HIRE
DOCTRINE ..............................................  347
1.  Generally  .................................. .... ...  347
2. Emplqyment and the Creative Genius ........................ 349
a.  The Martha Graham  Case ............................. 349
i.  The Intent of the Parties  ............................ 354
3. Employment and the Academic ............................. 357
a. Professor Miller and Harvard Law School .................. 357
i.  The Teacher Exception  ............................. 357
III. PROPOSALS TO CHANGE THE ALL OR NOTHING
APPROACH OF THE WORK FOR HIRE DOCTRINE ................. 362
A. THE PROPOSED AMENDMENTS .............................. 364
1. Amendment to 17 U.S.C.f 101-Reversing the
Statutory  Default .......................................  364
2. Amendment to 17 U.S.C. ži 201-Enfordng the
Reasonable Expectations of the Parties ........................ 366
a. Does the Employer Have an Implied License to'the Work? ...... 368
* Assistant Professor, California Western School of Law. B.A., University of California,
Berkeley, 1987; J.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1990; LL.M., University of California, Los
Angeles, 1993. For their helpful comments and suggestions, I am grateful to Tom Barton, Scott
Burnham, Art Campbell, Andrea Johnson, Andy Klein, and the participants at the Southeastern
Association of Law Schools' 2005 Young Scholars Workshop. Special thanks to Seth Bums for
much encouragement and support during the writing of this Article. My work was much facilitated
by the excellent California Western library staff. I gratefully acknowledge the support of a California
Western Junior Faculty summer research stipend. All errors are mine alone.

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