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14 Loy. U. Chi. Int'l L. Rev. 175 (2016-2017)
Expanding Past Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, and War Crimes: Can an ICC Policy Paper Expand the Court's Mandate to Prosecuting Environmental Crimes

handle is hein.journals/intnlwrv14 and id is 193 raw text is: 






  EXPANDING PAST GENOCIDE, CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY,
    AND  WAR CRIMES: CAN AN ICC POLICY PAPER EXPAND
            THE   COURT'S MANDATE TO PROSECUTING
                     ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES?

                               Payal Patel*

    I. Introduction ...................................................  175
    II. B ackground ...................................................  176
    III. D iscussion  ....................................................  180
  IV . A nalysis ......................................................  182
       A.  Environmental crimes are not given as much importance as
           other core crim es..........................................  182
       B.  The ICC  does not have the knowledge or resources to
           prosecute environmental crimes    ....................... 184
       C.  The ICC's jurisdiction and sanctions are not well suited for
           environmental crimes ..    ............................... 185
       D.  The Rome  Statute does not well integrate environmental
           crimes into its scope      ............................... 187
           1.  Genocide          .................................... 189
           2.  Crimes Against Humanity      ........................ 191
           3.  War Crimes..     ................................     192
   V . Proposal ...................................................... 193
   V I. C onclusion ....................................................  197

Destroying rainforest for economic gain is like burning a Renaissance painting to
cook a meal.
   -Edward 0. Wilson

I.  Introduction
  In September 2015, Michelle Campos, her father, and grandfather were exe-
cuted during an attack that displaced 3,000 indigenous people in the resource-rich
Mindanao  region of the Philippines from their homes, in order to gain easy ac-
cess to the region's coal, nickel, and gold reserves.' The Campos family was
killed by paramilitaries who were protecting mining companies involved; the
government did nothing to help.2 Environmental crimes and land grabbing like
what the Campos family experienced have become an acceptable business prac-
tice across the globe. Companies and governments are forcing their business
   *   JD/MBA Candidate, Loyola University Chicago School of Law and Quinlan Graduate School
of Business.
   I On Dangerous Ground, GLOBAL WrraNss (June 20, 2016), https://www.globalwitness.org/en/re-
ports/dangerous-ground/.
   2 Id.

Volume 14, Issue 2 Loyola University Chicago International Law Review 175

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