96 Int'l Lab. Rev. 590 (1967)
The Social Rights Enshrined in the Mexican Constitution of 1917

handle is hein.journals/intlr96 and id is 604 raw text is: The Social Rights Enshrined
in the Mexican
Constitution of 1917
Fernando YLLANES RAMOS 1
W HEN WE TALK about social rights today we think in the first instance
of all the safeguards considered to be desirable to shield the individual
from various forms of economic oppression. Unlike the  individual
freedoms , which only require a policy of abstention and restraint on
the part of authority, social rights can be achieved only through constant,
purposeful intervention by the State.
It has rightly been said that individual freedoms thrive best when
governments refrain from intervening in social relationships, while social
rights are effective only when the State (within the legal framework) both
directs and participates in the life of the nation subject to the rule of law,
i.e. it is not the master but the servant.
This distinction is the crux of the acute conflict that in modern times
dominates the political, economic and social situation in every country.
It involves the rejection of the liberal concept of government and adds a
clear-cut social element to the political content of democracy.
Since the First World War (1914-18) and the sweeping changes it
set in motion it has been widely believed that the first political constitu-
tions in which social rights were formally recognised were those of Russia
and Germany.
This new legal and constitutional approach is apparent in the  Dec-
laration of the Working and Exploited Masses , dated 23 January 1918,
the Constitution of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, dated July of
the same year, and the Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics of 6 July 1924. These three documents form a whole in their
legal and political assumptions and in the structure built on them. To
IMember of the Governing Body of the International Labour Office; principal legal
adviser to the Confederation of Mexican Chambers of Industry; member of the Technical
Council of the Mexican Institute of Social Security; former President of the Mexican Academy
of Labour Law and Social Welfare; member of the Mexican Bar; Professor of Labour
Law at the Free School of Law.

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