146 Int'l Lab. Rev. [i] (2007)

handle is hein.journals/intlr146 and id is 1 raw text is: 2007    1-2                     >Volume 146/1-2
1      Editorial
3      Application of labour and employment law beyond the contract
of employment                                     Mark FREEDLAND
The personal scope of employment law is the subject of much ongoing debate. Argu-
ing that an exclusively contractual analysis of this domain is unsatisfactory, the author
constructs a European-based empirical typology distinguishing the personal work
relations of standard employees, public officials, liberal professions, individual
entrepreneurial workers, marginal workers, and labour market entrants. These cat-
egories and their interrelationships are then analysed dynamically in terms of per-
sonal work nexuses - a concept encompassing complex legal ramifications beyond the
contractual framework.The conclusions highlight the value of this analytical approach
to recent efforts by the ILO and the European Commission to modernize labour law.
21     Beyond corporate codes of conduct: Work organization and labour
standards at Nike's suppliers     Richard LOCKE, Thomas KOCHAN,
Monica ROMIS and Fei QIN
What role can corporate codes of conduct play in monitoring compliance with inter-
national labour standards and improving working conditions in global supply
chains? Addressing this question, the authors first summarize the results of research
on factory audits of working conditions in 800 of Nike's suppliers in 51 countries and
two intensive case studies. They then discuss how the codes fit into the broader array

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