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28 Int'l Crim. Just. Rev. 5 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/intcrm28 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Article
                                                                     International Criminal justice Review
                                                                     2018, Vol. 28(l) 5-24
                                                                     @ 2017 Georgia State University
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Assailants: Crim                 m   igration                        DOI: 10.1177/1057567717721299
                                                                     journals.sagepub.com/homnelicj
and Its Discontents                                                  OSAGE




Jize  Jiang'  and   Edna Erez'



Abstract
Despite little evidence of an immigration-crime nexus, many American jurisdictions have adopted a
punitive approach to undocumented  immigrants and an increasingly restrictive and exclusive system
of immigration  control. The extensive deployment   of criminal justice measures to address the
immigration problem  led to the growth of a crimmigration apparatus-a mesh of immigration and
criminal justice systems. Drawing on extant literature and applying the framework of the penal field,
the article examines the social dynamics, processes, and consequences of crimmigration. It is argued
that the portrayal of immigrants as symbolic assailants has facilitated the creation and operation of
crimmigration under the guise of crime prevention rather than for addressing terrorism and national
security-the  presumed  purpose  of utilizing crimmigration practices. The current configuration of
crimmigration across the United States is the interactive product of minority threat, partisan pol-
itics, and federalism of the American government system, which have jointly formed a multilayered
patchwork  of immigration control. The article first outlines the analytical framework; reviews the
social construction of immigrant criminality; and describes the punitive and exclusive laws, poli-
cies, and enforcement  practices established as responses to this threat. The dilemmas, contra-
dictions, and  contestations  associated with  crimmigration,  including collateral impacts on
immigrants, their families and communities, and the criminal justice system, are analyzed; and policy
implications are drawn and discussed.


Keywords
crimmigration, criminal justice, immigration policy, immigrant communities, punishment


   Influxes of migrants to the United States and other Western countries in recent decades have
triggered public debates over the relationship between immigration and crime, with political rhetoric
and public perceptions connecting them. These perceptions have also influenced U.S. government
affairs, which tend to join criminality and immigration in law and practice.



Department of Criminology, Law, and justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Corresponding Author:
Jize Jiang, Department of Criminology, Law, and justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 W. Harrison Street (MC 141),
Chicago, IL 60607, USA.
Email: jjiang25@uic.edu

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