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29 Int'l Conciliation 231 (1951-1952)
Expanding Role of the General Assembly: The Maintenance of International Peace and Security

handle is hein.journals/intcon29 and id is 243 raw text is: EXPANDING ROLE OF THE GENERAL
ASSEMBLY
The Maintenance of International Peace and Security
By LELAND M. GOODRICH
HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION
Looking at the problem of the maintenance of peace and
security from a general historical point of view, we can say that
when the common authority in the community is relatively weak
and when the forces making for anarchy and violence are strong,
the first concern is, of necessity, with the maintenance of some
kind of peace and order. Only when this authority becomes
stronger can it impose upon disputing parties and upon con-
flicting interests, first the acceptance of the procedures of peace-
ful settlement of disputes and then the obligation to accept
judgments that may be handed down by organs of the common
authority. Finally, only when the common authority has devel-
oped to the point where its power is definitely supreme can it
deal in a positive and constructive way with relations between
individuals as well as between states with a view to so oraering
those relations in the interest of some concept of justice that the
reasons for resort to force and violence will be largely eliminated.
The historical development of institutions and procedures
for the maintenance of international peace and security tend
to follow this general pattern. If we think only in terms of the
developments of the last 150 years, we find that the first insti-
tutions and procedures to develop and to assume an important
role in the functioning of the modern state system were those
which had as their primary purpose the keeping of the peace.
231

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