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9 Inonu U. L. Rev. 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/inonu9 and id is 1 raw text is: 





         HUKUK USULUNE DAIR LA HAYE SOZLESMESI
     KAPSAMINDA YABANCI TUZEL KISILERIN TEMINAT
                 YUKUMLULUGUNDEN MUAFIYETI

  EXEMPTION OF LEGAL PERSONS FROM SECURITY FOR COSTS
     UNDER THE HAGUE CONVENTION ON CIVIL PROCEDURE

                           DOI: 10.21492/inuhfd.358545



                                                                 Emre  ESEN*



       Ozet
       1 Mart 1954 tarihli Hukuk Usulune Dair La Haye SCzlegmesi'nin 17. maddesinde,
bir hkit deviette ikamet eden akit deviet vatandaylanndan, herhangi bir ilt devietin
mahkemeleri huzurunda davaci veya midahil olarak bulunmalan hdlinde, yabanci olmalar
veya o ulkede ikametgfh veya mesken sahibi olmamalan sebebiyle, herhangi bir teminat
istenemeyecegi 6ngrtilmti~tir. Yargitay'in 2013 ve 2016 yllannda verdigi iki kararda,
1954 tarihli Sdzlegme'nin 17. maddesi gergevesinde teminat nuafiyetinden yararlanacak
kigilerin vatanda$ (national) tabiriyle ifade edilni$ olmasindan ve 1954 tarihli
Sdzlegme'nin yerini almasi amaclyla hazirlanan 25 Ekim 1980 tarihli Adalete Uluslararasi
Eriim  Hakkinda Sdzlegme'nin 14. maddesinde, 1954 tarihli Sdzlegme'den farkli olarak,
tizel kigilerin teminat muafiyeti kapsaminda oldugunun alkga diizenlenmi$ olmasindan
hareket edilerek; 1954 tarihli Sdzlegme'nin 17. maddesindeki teminat muafiyetinin sadece
gergek kigiler igin getirilmi oldugu ve bu muafiyetten titzel kigilerin yararlanamayacagi
sonucuna varlngtir. Bu galama, Yargitay'm bu kararlanndan hareketle, titzel kigilerin
1954 tarihli Sdzlegme'nin 17. maddesinde 6ngcrtilen teminat muafiyetinden yararlamp
yararlanamayacagi meselesini; 1954 tarihli Sdzlegme'nin lafzi ve Ozil bakimlarndan
yormnlamnasi  suretiyle, 1980 tarihli SOzlegme'nin gerek metninin gerekse alklay1ci
raporunu nazara alarak ve 1954 tarihli SOzlegme'ye taraf deviet mahkemelerinin yargisal
iytihatlan ii$gmda ele almayi amajlamaktadir.
       Anahtar Kelimeler: 1954 tarihli Hukuk Usultine Dair S~zlegme, teminat, teminat
nuafiveti, tfizel kigiler

       Abstract
       Article 17 of the Hague Convention of 1 March 1954 on Civil Procedure provides
that no security, bond or deposit of any kind may be imposed by reason of their foreign
nationality, or of lack of domicile or residence in the country, upon nationals of one of the
Contracting States, having their domicile in one of these States, who are plaintiffs or
parties intervening before the courts of another of those States. The Turkish Supreme
Court ruled in two different decisions rendered in 2013 and in 2016 that the exemption


* Dog. Dr., Istanbul Universitesi Hukuk Faktlltesi, Milletlerarasi Ozel Hukuk Anabilim
  Dali (emreesen@istanbul.edu.tr)
Makale Gonderilme Tarihi: 28.11.2017
Makale Kabul Tarihi: 04.01.2018


Inonu Universitesi Hukuk Faklitesi Dergisi -InUHFD- Cilt:9Sayz:] Yil 2018


1

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