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12 Inonu U. L. Rev. 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/inonu12 and id is 1 raw text is: [ninn fnivprvitpci [-hjukr 7lki'tpvi fp-ic'ivi  [n[U-f 7) 12(11  1-16()7I1

HAYVANIN KOT MUAMELELERE KAR$I CEZA HUKUKU
VASITASIYLA KORUNMASI HALINDE MAGDURUN TESPITI
DETERMINATION OF THE VICTIM WHEN THE ANIMAL IS PROTECTED FROM CRUEL
TREATMENT BY MEANS OF CRIMINAL LAW
Eylem BAS 

Makale Bilgi
Gonderilme: 08/11/2020
Kabul: 22/01/2021
Anahtar Kelimeler
Hayvan,
Ceza Hukuku,
Magdur.

Article Info
Received: 08/11/2020
Accepted: 22/01/2021
Keywords
Animal,
Criminal Law,
Victim.

Ozet

https://doi.org/10.21492/inuhfd.823249 %

Insanlar tarafindan hayvanlara kar$i kott muamelelerde bulunulduguna iliskin haberlerin
son zamanlarda giderek artan bir $ekilde gindeme geldigi gornlmektedir. Bu durum
toplumda tepkilere neden olmakta ve hayvanlara kar$i kott muamelelerde bulunan
kimselerin cezalandirilmalan istenmektedir. Zira $u anki mevzuata gOre hayvanlara kar$i
gergeklestirilen kotu muamelelerin bazilan $artlan varsa malvarhina kar$i suglar
kapsaminda degerlendirilmektedir. Bu nedenle hem 5199 sayih Hayvanlan Koruma
Kanunu'nda (HKK) hem de 5237 Tirk Ceza Kanunu'nda (TCK) degigikliklerinyapilmasi
ongorulmektedir. Boylece hayvanlara kar$i gergeklestirilen kott muamelelerin sug olarak
dizenlenerek cezalandinlmasi istenmektedir. HKK'da hayvanlara kar$i gergeklestirilen
pek gok kotn muamele ceza hukuku anlaminda sug olarak Ongoralmese de kariliginda
idari yaptinmin OngOri ldnld kabahat olarak dnizenlenmektedir. Ceza hukukunun son arag
olma niteliNi bakinndan dogm bir tercih yapildigi soylenebilirse de hayvanlara kar$i
gergeklestirilen  kot  muamelelerin  onlenmesi bakimndan  gereken  yeterliligin
saglanamadigim soylemek mnimknndnir. Bu gahmada hayvanlara kar$i gergeklestirilen
kotu muamelelerin sug olarak Ongora lmesi halinde bu sugun magdumi belirlenmeye
gahilmaktadir. Bu kapsamda sug genel teorisinde magdur kavramina iligkin doktrindeki
goruller incelenerek malvarligina kar$i sujlar ayri tutulmak kaydiyla bu sugun
magdurnun hayvan olmadigi, toplum oldugu sonucuna varilmaktadir.
Abstract
Recently, increasing news on the agenda about human-induced cruel treatments against
animals has observed. This situation caused reactions in society. These reactions focused
on the need for punishments for people who treat cruelly against animals. At this point,
amendments have demanded to be made in both the Law on Animal Protection Numbered
5199 (AP) and the Law on Turkish Penal Numbered 5237 (TP). In this way, punishment
for cruel treatments to animals as a crime has aimed. According to the current legislation,
some of the cruel treatments against animals have been regulated within the scope of
crimes against property. Many of the cruel treatments against animals have been regulated
as administrative offences in the AP. This situation could be considered as the right choice
in terms of the principle of ultima ratio. On the other hand, it is also possible to say that
the required competence could not be achieved in terms of preventing cruel treatment
against animals. This study discusses who could be the victim where the act of cruel
treatment against animals has regulated as a crime. In this context, when the opinions in
the doctrine regarding the concept of the victim in the general crime theory have examined,
it has concluded that the victim is not the animal but the society, on the condition that
crimes against property have excluded.

 '3u nsnr Creative Commons Atif 4.0 Uluslararasi Lisansi ile lisanslanmigtir.
Ar. Gor. Dr., Ankara Universitesi HukukFakultesi, Ceza ve Ceza Muhakemesi Hukuku Anabilim Dali.
Hayvann Kotu Muamelelere Karla Ceza Hukuku Vasitasiyla Korunmasi Halinde Magdurun Tespiti

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