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3 Intramural L. Rev. N.Y.U. 84 (1947-1948)
The Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers

handle is hein.journals/inlrnyu3 and id is 88 raw text is: 84

Ruth V. Washington
In the probation field and more particularly in the field of
parole, those interested in more stringent and uniform nation-wide
crime control but opposed to the detailed formalities of Federal
extradition, hailed the Interstate Compact for the Supervision of
Parolees and Probationers (1) with great enthusiasm. This Compact
emerged as a legally enforceable agreement among the states along
with other examples of interstate cooperative efforts spurred and
facilitated by the Crime Control Consent Act (2) passed by Congress
in 1934.
The prime purpose of this Crime Compact was protection of the
community through the rehabilitation of those who, convicted of
crime and placed on probation or released on parole, were permitted
to go to another jurisdiction because their families lived there,
or better opportunities for employment were offered or for other
sound reasons. Prior to the adoption of the Compact, arrangements
concerning the transfer of supervision and/or investigation of pa-
rolees or probationers were made with sister states by gentlemen's
agreements; the sending state promising to exert reciprocal super-
vision over any of the receiving state's parolees or probationers
that might enter its borders. These voluntary agreements were un-
enforceable, however, and often the supervision given was of a des-
ultory character. Then too, in numerous instances no supervision
at all was provided for in the state of destination and these per-
sons wandered about unchecked. As a result the basic factor on
which the success of parole and probation depends was lost as was
also effective control of the parolee or probationer for the pro-
tection of the community.
Although there was early recognition of this need, there were
no attempts at nation-wide cooperative supervision agreements until
1957 when twenty-five states after adopting enabling legislation,
executed the Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and
Probationers. To date, the total number of states signatory is
thirty-nine; hence this Compact has more signatories than any other.
such agreement calling for cooperative state effort. Non-signatories
are North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, Texas, South
Dakota, Nevada, Mississippi and Missouri.
The Uniform Enabling Act, (5) drafted with the Interstate Com-
pact by the Crime Commission, provides for ratification of the Compact

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