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2 Part 1 Indian J. Integrated Rsch. L. 1 (2022)
Training AI and Copyright Infringement: Where Does the Law Stand?

handle is hein.journals/injloitd2 and id is 1300 raw text is: 

Indian Journal of Integrated Research in Law


                        DOES THE LAW STAND?

               Ravindra Kumar & Professor Pankaj Kumar, Manipal University Jaipur


        Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to computing systems that can make
        autonomous  decisions based on  stimuli, in a manner similarto human
        beings. It has various real world uses in practically every field from finance
        to healthcare. However, the growth of artificial intelligence comes with new
        legal challenges, particularly relating to intellectual property rights. Al
        systems are trained using massive amounts of data to recognize patterns and
        make  intelligent decisions or predictions. This data often consists of
        copyrighted works, raisingthe question whether use of such works without
        authorization for machine learning constitutes copyright infringement. The
        copyright laws in diJerent jurisdictions lack clarity and uniformity as to the
        existence of a specific exception for the use of such works to trainAI
        applications. The paper thus analyses the rules of access tocopyrighted
        data in the United States copyright law, focusing on thefair use doctrine and
        its judicial interpretation, including the recent Google Books case. The
        subsequent part of the paper compares the US approach with the copyright
        laws of the European Union, lookingparticularly at the impact of the text and
        data mining exception introduced by the 2019 EU Directive on Copyright in
        a Digital SingleMarket. In light of the inferences drawn, the final part of the
        paper attempts to assess the Indian copyright law and explores the future
        course of law and policy on the issue, highlighting the role of the World
        Intellectual Policy Organisation.

        Keywords:  Artificial Intelligence, Copyright Infringement, Text and Data
        Mining, Fair Use Doctrine, Deep fake, Expressive Use, Training.

Page: 1

Volume II Issue I I ISSN: 2583-0538

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