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8 Indon. L. Rev. 1 (2018)

handle is hein.journals/indolawrev8 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Indonesia Law Review (2018) 1: 1-15
ISSN: 2088-8430 | e-ISSN: 2356-2129


       RIGHT OF EARLY ACCESS TO CRIMINAL LEGAL AID IN
          INDONESIA: CLEAR RULE, CLEARER VIOLATIONS


                                    Maxwell R.   Abbott*


* Center for Media and Democracy, Madison, Wisconsin, United States

Article  Info

Received: 22 November 2016 | Received in revised form: 12 December 2017 | Accepted: 14 January 2018

Corresponding author's e-mail: maxrabbott@gmail.com



                                           Abstract


This article will examine the right of early access to criminal legal aid in Indonesia, both in theory and in
practice. In theory, the right ofearly access to criminal legal aid (the Right) is clear and firmly established in
Indonesian law and international law, which applies to Indonesia. Individuals under arrest or in detention are
entitled to receive legal aid at all stages of the criminal justice process. Therefore, law enforcement may not
deny or delay a suspect's access to a lawyer during the initial procedural stages of arrest, investigation, and
detention. This article will argue that the Right meets certain criteria of a clear legal rule, as distinguished
from a vague legal standard. Thus, we would expect a high degree of compliance with the Right. However, in
practice, we find frequent violations of the Right in Indonesia. After reviewing evidence of the violations, the
article will conclude by briefly addressing several explanations while maintaining that the Right is a clear
legal rule.


Keywords:  legal aid, human rights, criminal procedure, rules, standards



                                           Abstrak


Artikel ini akan memeriksa tentang hak untuk segera mendapatkan bantuan hukum pidana di Indonesia,
baik secara teoretis maupun praktis. Secara teori, hak tersebut jelas dan tegas dinyatakan dalam hukum
Indonesia dan hukum internasional, yang berlaku terhadap Indonesia. Individu yang ditangkap atau berada
dalam penahanan berhak untuk memperoleh bantuan hukum dalam seluruh tahapan proses perkara pidana.
Sehingga, aparat penegak hukum tidak dapat menolak atau menunda hak tersangka untuk mendapatkan
pengacara selama tahapan awal acara pidana seperti penangkapan, penyidikan, dan penahanan. Tulisan ini
akan mengargumentasikan bahwa hak tersebuttelah memeroleh kriteria sebagai peraturan hukumyangjelas
yang terpisah dari standar hukum yang samar. Dengan demikian, penulis berharap tingkat kepatuhan yang
tinggi oleh aparat penegak hukum atas pemenuhan hak tersebutTetapi, dalam praktik, kami menemukan
pelanggaran yang cukup sering terhadap pemenuhan hak tersebut di Indonesia. Setelah meninjau bukti dari
pelanggaran tersebut, tulisan ini akan disimpulkan dengan memberikan penjelasan secara singkat dengan
tetap mengargumentasikan bahwa hak tersebut adalah aturan hukum yang sudahjelas.


Kata kunci: bantuan hukum, hak asasi manusia, hukum acara pidana, aturan, standar


DOI: http://doi.org/10.15742/ilrev.v8n1.380

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