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6 Indon. L. Rev. 97 (2016)
Access to Ecological Justice for the Marginalized People of Indonesia: Is It a Genuine or Pseudo Recognition and Respect

handle is hein.journals/indolawrev6 and id is 100 raw text is: 


Indonesia Law Review (2016) 1: 97 - 110
ISSN: 2088-8430 | e-ISSN: 2356-2129


  ACCESS TO ECOLOGICAL JUSTICE FOR THE MARGINALIZED
      PEOPLE OF INDONESIA: IS IT A GENUINE OR PSEUDO
                      RECOGNITION AND RESPECT?

                      I Nyoman Nurjaya*  and  Rachmad Safaat**

* Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, Brawijaya University Malang, Indonesia
** Faculty of Law, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia

Article Info
Received:23 February 2016 | Received in revised form: 14 April 2016 | Accepted:26 April 2016
Corresponding author's e-mail: nurjayai@yahoo.com

                                       Abstract
The era following the 1972 Stockholm Declaration and subsequently the 1992 Rio de Janeiro
Declaration, brought about a great amount  of concern of the international community, in
developed as well as under-developed countries, for human environment and natural resources
preservation, management and protection. It includes the equitable allocation and distribution
of natural resources as well as fair participation in environmental decision-making, respect and
recognition of rights of the people and particularly indigenous communities. This is the so called
access to justicefor all that refers to a genuine access by people and communities to obtain just
and fair democratic mechanism in respect and recognition of their basic legal rights in controlling
and  utilizing natural environment and resources for survival. Furthermore, access to justice
means strengthening the fair involvement of the people with respect to preserving and managing
the natural environment for sustainable development as to fulfill human rights as reflected in the
State's Constitution and legislation. In the context of Indonesia, the above mentioned rights of
the people and communities to ecological justice are clearly articulated in the 1945 Constitution.
The paper attempts to convey a critical analysis as to whether the 1945 Constitution provides a
genuine or pseudo respect and recognition in relation to access to ecological justice of the people
and particularly for marginalized people, namely indigenous people (masyarakat adat) in the
multicultural state of Indonesia.
Keywords:  access to ecological justice, marginalized people, multicultural state of Indonesia

                                       Abstrak
Dekade setelah Deklarasi Stockholm tahun 1972 dan kemudian dilanjutkan dengan Deklarasi
Rio de Jenairo pada tahun 1992 dapat dikatakan sebagai titik awal perubahan cara pandang
masyarakat  internasional di negara-negara maju  maupun  sedang  berkembang  mengenai
bagaimana  seharusnya lingkungan hidup dan sumber  daya alam dimanfaatkan  dan dikelola
dalam  pembangunan  yang  berkelanjutan dan berkeadilan. Karena itu, sejak tahun 1980-an
wacana  akses untuk memperoleh lingkungan yang baik dan sehat dan keadilan dalam alokasi dan
distribusi pemanfaatan sumber daya alam (keadilan ekologi)sebagai hak warga negara menjadi
perbincangan serius terutama di negara-negara sedang berkembang termasuk Indonesia. Wacana
serius yang dimaksud adalah bagaimana Negara memberijaminan pengakuan dalam pemenuhan
hak warga negara memperoleh lingkungan yang baik dan sehat dan keadilan dalam pemanfaatan
sumber  daya alam  terutama bagi warga  negara yang termarjinalisasi seperti persekutuan-
persekutuan masyarakat hukum adat di daerah sebagaimana diatur dalam Undang-Undang Dasar
Negara  Republik Indonesia Tabun 1945. Artikel mencoba untuk mengkaji kritis dan memberi
pemahaman   apakah akses memperoleh keadilan lingkungan dan pemanfaatan, khususnya akses
warga masyarakat hukum  adat di Indonesia, seperti dalam Konstitusi Negara Tabun 1945 adalah
pengaturan dan pengakuan yang hakiki (genuine) atau semu dan setengah hati (pseudo)?
Kata  Kunci: akses keadilan ekologi, jaminan pengakuan dan pemenuhan  hak, persekutuan
masyarakat hukum  adat


DOI: http://dx.Doi.Org/10.15742/Ilrev.V6n1.192

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