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4 Indon. L. Rev. 1 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/indolawrev4 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                              Melvin Salahuddin**

   This article is an examination of the implementation of the United Nations Framework
   Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as a Multilateral EnvironmentalAgreement
   (MEA) in Indonesia. It identifies domestic challenges of the Convention in Indonesia's
   decentralisation. The implementation of decentralisation policy in 2001 worsens the
   inherent problems faced by the Convention in Indonesia's legal system. As a MEA,
   the Convention contains only general rules for the state parties and no specific legal
   obligation to reduce emission. The Convention also has legitimacy problems. The
   Indonesia's method to transform treaties into domestic legalsystem isstillproblematic
   These two challenges are worsened by the implementation of decentralisation policy.
   The national governmentfaces difficulties to drive lower government units to adhere
   to the Convention rules because they have new authorities that can constraint effort
   to achieve the goal of the Convention.
   Keywords: UNFCCC, Decentralization, Treaty Implementation

   Artikel ini adalah eksaminasi terhadap implementasi Konvensi Perubahan Iklim
   (UNFCCC) yang merupakan satu bentuk perjanjian multilateral di bidang lingkungan
   (MEA). Artikel ini mengidentifikasi tantangan yang dihadapi oleh UNFCCC dalam
   konteks desentralisasi di Indonesia. Kebijakan desentralisasi telah memperburuk
   masalah yang selama ini telah dihadapi oleh UNFCCC di Indonesia. Sebagai salah
   satu MEA, UNFCCC hanya mengandung aturan umum untuk negara-negara anggota
   dan tidak mempunyai kewajiban hukum khusus untuk mengurangi emisi. Tanpa
   kewajiban khusus, negara-negara anggota, terutama negara berkembang, belum
   terikat atas target level emisi tertentu. Selain itu, UNFCCC mempunyai masalah
   legitimasi di Indonesia yang berhubungan dengan metode transformasi perjanjian
   internasional ke dalam hukum nasional. Masalah legitimasi membuat UNFCCC
   menjadi sulit untuk mengikat entitas di dalam negeri. Dalam konteks desentralisasi,
   kedua masalah tersebut memberikan kesulitan bagi pemerintah pusat dalam
   mengarahkan pemerintah daerah untuk melaksanakan upaya untuk mencapai
   tujuan UNFCCC Desentralisasi memberikan kewenangan pemerintah daerah untuk
   membuat kebijakan yang dapat bertentangan dengan UNFCCC
   Kata Kunci: UNFCCC, Desentralisasi, Implementasi Perjanjian Internasional

       * This article is an excerpt of a chapter in a dissertation submitted for a PhD degree at Otago Uni-
versity of New Zealand. I thank Ms. Ceri Warnock, Ms. Nicola Wheen and Prof. Simon Butt for their valuable
insights and comments during the amendments process of the Chapter.
       ** Staff at Law and Human Rights Bureau of South Sulawesi Provincial Government. Obtained
Bachelor of Economics (S.E.) from Hasanuddin University (1997), Master of Public and International Law
(M. Pub&Int Law) from Melbourne University (2006), and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) from Otago Univer-
sity (2014). E-mail: melvsal@gmail.com.

Volume 4 Number 1, January - April 2014 m INDONESIA Law Review

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