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10 Indon. L. Rev. 1 (2020)

handle is hein.journals/indolawrev10 and id is 1 raw text is: 



Indonesia Law Review (2020) 1: 1 - 16
ISSN: 2088-8430 1 e-ISSN: 2356-2129

                       DESA ADAT PROVINCIAL LAW:

         EXISTENCE STRENGTENING OR POWER FLEXING?


                        Luh  Rina Apriani*  and  Anna   Erliyana**

* Department of State Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
** Department of State Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Article  Info
Received : 04 January 2020 I Received in revised form : 10 February 2020 1 Accepted : 8 April 2020
Corresponding author's e-mail: apriani.rina@yahoo.co.id


                                         Abstrak
UU Desa telah memunculkan perdebatan tentang legitimasi Desa Adat di Indonesia. Seiring de-ngan tu-
juan utama UU Desa untuk memberdayakan  desa, maka beberapa daerah merasa bahwa normalisasi
Pasal 5 UU Desa akan beralan seiring dengan adanya penguatan Desa Adat Peme-rintah Kabupaten
Siak telah mengeluarkan Peraturan Kabupaten Siak No. 2 Tahun 2018 tentang Pembentukan Desa Adat
di Kabupaten Siak untuk memaksa desa-desa di daerah mereka untuk memenuhi kriteria sebagai Desa
Adatsebagaimana  diamanatkan oleh Undang-Undang Desa. Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Sumatera Barat
Nomor  7 Tahun 2018 tentang Nagari juga menunjukkan perdebatan politik di antara nuansa budaya
dan adat terhadap mandate UU Desa. Bali, yang telah hidup di tengah-tengah Desa Adat dan Desa Di-
nas, juga telah menanggapi perdebatan atas keberadaan UU Desa terutama mengenai wacana tentang
integrasi desa dan/atau pemi-lihan desa. Di tengah-tengah proses ini, Undang-Undang Provinsi Bali No.
4 Tahun 2019 telah disebutkan dalam Undang-UndangAdat (Perda DesaAdat). Penelitian ini menunjuk-
kan bahwa UUDesaAdat, yang kaya akan nuansa adatdan budaya, pada hakikatnya tidak diundangkan
untuk memenuhi mandat  UU Desa, tetapi justru untuk memperkuat keberadaan Desa Adat di Bali. Perda
ini telah merubah hubungan tradisional dan resmi di Bali dengan memberikan lebih banyak ruang bagi
Desa Adat untuk bekerja sama dengan Dinas Desa secara sinergis untuk memberdayakan masyarakat
dalam kerangka filosofis masyarakat Bali. Efektivitas peraturan daerah ini perlu diuji untuk membukti-
kan kewenangan  Desa Adat dan Desa Dinas di Bali.
Keywords:  UU  Desa, Desa Adat, Peraturan Daerah

                                         Abstract
The Desa Law gave rise to a discussion about the legitimacy of Desa Adat in Indonesia. Along with the
main objective of the Desa Law to empower villages, some reg ions thought the normalization of Article
5 of the Desa Law would go hand in hand with the strengthening of the Desa Adat. The Siak Regency
Government  issued the Siak Regency Regulation No. 2 of 2018 concerning the Establishment of Desa
Adat in Siak Regency, to compel the villages in their area to meet the criteria as Indigenous Villages as
mandated  by the Desa Law. The Regional Regulation of the Province of West Sumatra Number 7of2018
concerning Nagari shows political debate to fulfill the mandate of the Village Law, which is criticized
as large among the minimal nuances of custom and culture. Bali, which has been living in a circle of
the existence of Desa Adat and Desa Dinas, has also examined the responses to the existence of the
Desa Law drawn from discussions and discourses on village integ ration and/or village elections. In the
midst of this process, the Provincial Law of Bali Province No. 4 of 2019 was published in the Adat Law
(Perda Desa Adat). This paper will show that the Desa Adat Law, which is rich in nuances of customs
and culture, was not published to fulfill the mandate of the Desa Law, but instead strengthened the
existence of Desa Adat in Bali. This Perda has revised traditional and official relations in Bali bygiving
more  space to the Customary Villages to work together with the Dinas Desa in synergy to empower
the community  within the philosophical framework of the Balinese people. The effectiveness of this
regional regulation needs to be tested to prove the authority of the Desa Adat and Desa Dinas in Bali.
Keywords:  Village Law, Adat Village, Provincial Law


DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.15742/ilrev.v10n1.616

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