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11 Indonesian J. Int'l L. 106 (2013-2014)
The Lesson of Implementing Non-Discrimination Principle on Indonesia-US Clove Cigarettes Case

handle is hein.journals/indjil11 and id is 112 raw text is: 









         THE LESSON OF IMPLEMENTING NON-

             DISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE ON

      INDONESIA-US CLOVE CIGARETTES CASE


                                    Eva Johan1



                                    Abstract


    The Indonesian government recently won for keeping its rights on Clove Cigarette Case in WTO.
    It became a winning diplomacy on Indonesia trade. Indonesia has an objection on United States
    cigarette policy, which prohibit product of clove cigarette (mostly imported by Indonesia) in United
    States, because such policy violate one of the most important principle on WTO, Non-Discrimination
    Principle, which are Most Favoured Nations (MFN) and National Treatment. Indonesia won this case
    in both, Panel and Appellate Body. This winning is not only important for Indonesia but for all country,
    mainly for Developing and Less Developing Country member of WTO. This paper will examine the
    significance and contents of Non Discrimination Principle from the perspective of Indonesia-United
    States Tobacco Case.


    Pemerintah Indonesia baru-baru ini memenangkan perkara dalam kasus Clove Cigarrette Case
    yang dibawa ke hadapan Badan Penyelesaian Sengketa World Trade Organisation (WTO Dispute
    Settlement Body). Hal mi menunjukkan posisi diplomasi Indonesia yang kuat di dalam bidang
    perdagangan. Indonesia mempertanyakan kebijakan Pemerintah Amerika Serikat terkait impor
    cengkeh di mana Indonesia menjadi pengimpor utamanya. Kebijakan yang dibuat oleh Pemerintah
    Amerika Serikat diduga melanggar salah satu prinsip non-diskriminasi WTO, yaitu Most Favourite
    Nation (MFN) dan National Treatment. Indonesia menang dalam tahap pemeriksaan di Panel Body
    dan Appellate Body. Kemenangan mi bukan saja penting bagi Indnesia melainkan juga bagi semua
    negara, khususnya negara berkembang dan negara kurang berkembang yang menjadi anggota WTO.
    Tulisan mi akan membahas signifikansi dan isi dart prinsip non-diskriminasi dart perspectif kasus
    tembakau antara Indonesia dan Amerika Serikat.

    Keywords: international trade, WTO, GATT





I. INTRODUCTION

    Open market access will increase international trade, and in return
it becomes a wider economy activity which is able to develop economy

of each member. GATT as an international organisation has some sides,
depends on which point a view. Some GATT sides are described as a
connecting system with some components. One of the GATT compo-


'Lecturer at Faculty of Law, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University, Banten.


Volume 11 Number ] October 2013

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