48 Int'l Migration Rev. 1 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv48 and id is 1 raw text is: 


             INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW



Host National Identification of

Immigrants in the Netherlands

Thomas  de Vroome
University of Leuven

Maykel Verkuyten
Utrecht University

Borja Martinovic
Utrecht University

    This study examines immigrants' identification with the host country.
    We  use survey data of more than 1,700 Turkish and Moroccan immi-
    grants and more than 2,200 natives in the Netherlands. We answer four
    main questions in this study. First, do immigrants have lower national
    identification than natives? Second, does the level of national identifica-
    tion differ between immigrant groups? Third, do economic and social
    integration similarly affect national identification among immigrants
    and natives? And fourth, what are important additional determinants of
    national identification among immigrants? The results show that, com-
    pared to Dutch  natives, Turkish but not Moroccan immigrants  have
    lower national identification. Being employed and socially integrated is
    associated with higher national identification among immigrants as well
    as natives, but only among immigrants  is higher occupational status
    associated with higher national identification. For immigrants, Dutch
    language proficiency, perceived discrimination, and contact with natives
    proved to be important conditions for national identification.


INTRODUCTION

Immigration  and cultural diversity put a strain on the social cohesion of
societies. Diversity might lead to a lack of feelings of belonging together
which is considered a prerequisite for national solidarity, a unified society,
and effective democracy (Barry, 2001; Putnam, 2007). Politicians and the
media often claim that many immigrants  have divided loyalties and a lack
of attachment  to the host society and therefore undermine  a cohesive
national identity. In West European countries, there is a renewed societal

c 2014 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1111/imre.12063
                         IMR  Volume 48 Number  1 (Spring 2014):1-27 1

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